Archive for the ‘colonial violence’ Category

Anarcho-Historian Lesson #9: Predating Fascism, Settler-Colonial Racialism

Posted: June 24, 2014 in Africans, Afrikaners, animal husbandry, Atlantic Slave Trade, Bacon's Rebellion, blackness, bodily fluids, Boers, Brazil, brutality, capture, chattle slaves, coerced labor, Colombia, colonial cities, colonial violence, colonial-settler states, colonialism, colonies, crime, cruelty, cultural identity, death camps, Dutch West Indian Empire, eighteenth-century, escaped terrorists, Euro-American elites, European colonialism, extermination, false science, Fascism, First British Empire, First French Empire, genocide, ghettos, holocausts, homicidal plantation labor, honorary white status, hunting, injustice, internal enemies, intolerance, Jamaica, jungle, kidnapping, knowledge, liquidation, lower classes, maroon terrorists, maroons, mass murder, murder, nation, Native nations, Nederlands, neo-colonial empire, neo-colonialism, Netherlands, plunder, Portuguese Empire, prison, race, racial castes, racial characteristics, racial hierarchies, racial oppression, racial others, racial terminologies, racialism, racism, rainforests, rape, religious heterodoxy, rotting corpses, Saint-Domingue, separated quarters, settlers, seventeenth-century, silver and gold, slave owners, slavery, slaves, social control, social enemies, South America, Spain, Spanish Empire, state-colonial terrorism, stealing, sugar cane plantations, sugar planters, Suriname, theft, torture, Virginia Plantation, war, white skin privileges, whiteness, worked to death
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Plantation house SurinameTorture of Africans SurinameMaroonslave labor SurinameDutch slave tradersSlaves in Surinamesuriname maroonsColonial genocideSlave dance surinameslave rebellion Suriname

In our lives, often the most insidious and nefarious acts have veiled themselves through pleasant speech and professionalized knowledge.

It was an unbearable summer. But the summer never ended. The date was even hazy. Was it the 1670s, or 80s, or was it just another sinister date during that horrid and unjust seventeenth-century, the 1600s? The area, or land mass was even worse. The general environment represented northern South America, called the Brasil, as was the name of infamy during those brutal days.

The wetness, the humid hells of salted mists, the mosquitos, the larvae; green mush, thick undergrowth of respiratory ill forest, bird chirping mania, bizarre monster fishes, jungle vines that camouflaged themselves as snakes, while the infernal, humongous snakes did vice versa; man-eating plants, African, overworked fetid corpses eaten alive in the turbid watery streams – and here the Dutch planted their colonial vomit representing the grand West Indian Empire.

The Dutch, or the Netherlands’ West Indian Empire had previously invaded the area in the 1630s. The European madmen attacked and murdered even more natives that had lived on the coast, and then constructed the slave-owning, mass-murdering, extermination plantations that held thousands of kidnapped Africans, called the Suriname colony.

The Dutch wanted to outdo the other evil African slave empires: the Portuguese in Brazil, the English in Jamaica, the Spanish in northern Colombia, called Nueva Granada, and the French, in Saint Domingue, now called Haiti. The Dutch would share their prize with the Portuguese in African genocide memoria. During the 1700s, the English and the French Empires would contribute their own arts in the holy mass murder of Africans. Sugar was the white gold back then, and the Europeans needed any available victims to do the homicidal plantation labor. Kidnapped Africans would obviously do.

Historical irony of ironies, some of the Dutch colonial descendants, which had also settled in the southern Cape of Africa during the same seventeenth-century, would later concoct the Apartheid regime of the 1940s. These old ‘Boers,’ mixed with hardcore French ‘Huguenot’ Evangelical Protestants, spoke a dialect of Nederlands called ‘Afrikaner.’ And they called themselves, the ‘white tribe’ of Africa.

While the Dutch worked their African slaves into the watery, pestilent graves throughout the sugar cane death camps, many Africans had literally fled for their lives. They became the ‘maroons,’ or the escaped free people who lived in the jungle, and they even formed their own communities of resistance. Suriname had the most African corpses through overwork, and the worst recurring outbreaks of dangerous, terrorist maroon communities respiring in the jungle bush. The Dutch colonialists tried to exterminate the maroons militarily, and when that didn’t work, they made military alliances with the maroon leaders in recognizing their freedom. In turn, the maroon ‘leaders’ had to deliver any escaped Africans back to the Europeans.

This was the trap. The Europeans wanted the maroons captured and murdered too. They were dangerous examples of the human quest for freedom and dignity, so the maroon communities had no other choices, but resistance. The Dutch needed a special military force to ultimately subdue the demon looking terrorists inside the thick and putrid jungle. In the late 1600s, they had found the perfect terminator. One man of hateful destiny rose to the occasion.

The man of the hour was an African, but there was something different in the breed. He possessed a pretty large build, and he wore a permanent lip and cheek scowl on his nasty face. His head even had the shape of a club used to pummel enemies into comas. He also dressed himself in the impeccable style of colonial Europeans in the bush: leather brown boots, military infantry breeches, blouse shirt, vest, and doubloon jacket. He was proficient in the both the short sabre and in the breach burning musket. He spoke decent Nederlands. This colonial buffoon-monstrosity seized the day.

He gathered together a band of African slaves and freemen, ‘Creole’ mulattos, (mixed raced of Europeans and Africans), mestizo, (mixed race of Euro and Indian), trackers, various ‘racialized’ misfits and some low eating fruit on the ‘white’ or Dutch social totem. The gang entered the haunted labyrinth of forest and hunted down the maroon menace. They worked with great success. They would live in the jungle for months at a time, and many of his paid assassins died their own horrible deaths out there in the humid monstrosities. The rainforest offered no relief for anyone.

This group of state-colonial terrorists murdered whole African maroon families, and they even captured some escaped slaves and poor natives that happened to find their way into the bloodshed. Slave owners were happy to recoup their investments and the maroon hunters could sell the native slaves for some extra capital. This slave hunting leader also dealt cruel and heinous blows to the maroon holdouts. He used every torture imaginable, including the cutting off human skin from muscle tissue and bone, called flaying in those days.

Some time later, the Dutch colonial authorities decided to honor the African murderer and torturer of escaped slave terrorists. In the bug infested, mud hole streets, and rotten wood-hut colonial capital of Suriname, the governor with all the local slave owners, sugar planters and military men presented, stood at informal attention. The Dutch governor presented the honored killer with a metallic necklace, (with a royally engraved seal), of phony silver and gold. He thereby pronounced ‘honorary white status’ on the African slave hunter. This African had truly rose in the ranks and his once ugly facial scowl had transformed into a peculiar mix of power, freedom and hatred. He only wanted to return to the tropical maze and do some more ‘hunting.’

About three hundred years later, an Afro-diaspora, (African from the Americas), intellectual, Aimé Césaire, wrote that the real reason the Euro-American elites hated Adolf Hitler with such fury was due to the fact that Hitler preferred to murder fellow Europeans, rather than the ‘others.’ The others represented Native nations and the kidnapped Africans worked to death in the American death camp plantations.

For hundreds of years, the Europeans murdered millions of Natives and African with full legal impunity. As far as I know, there are still no holocaust museums commemorating all of those millions of deaths. Some of those mass murderers even have public holidays named after them, like Columbus, and others have towns, installations, cities, regions, parks, and statues in their honor, while their faces have stamps on dirty bank notes, such as Cortes, Carson, Pizarro, Jackson, Valdivia, Custer, Coronado, Leon, Mendoza, Cartier and Raleigh.

Predating Fascism there was European Colonialism. Fascism would have never birthed its hate and murder on the European continent without the rancid history of European invasions, social controls and legal crimes all associated with the colonial enterprise.

The Crusades and the Inquisition had previously entered the realm of European history before colonialism, but colonialism took all of those evil foundations, war and intolerance, and they transformed those actions into some horrid thing that was terrifyingly odious.

The colonial project, first instituted in the Americas, used two sinister and distinctive methods of social control. First, the colonial invaders did not just invade, murder and plunder. They stayed and ‘settled’ in the lands. They had exterminated the cultures that had previously lived in those parts of the world. The European colonial powers then populated the scorched lands of liquidation with colonists, or settlers, to live in the native places. At first, the colonial elites treated the lower class European settlers as slaves and as inferiors. But they couldn’t get away with the same crimes as in the European mainland. They had to change the game plan.

In order to increase the slave labor load, they transported kidnapped African slaves into the coerced work pool. The Africans looked different, they did not speak the colonial language, and they came from radically different cultures from another continent across the Atlantic. The wealthy planters always had fears of a united revolution representing Euro-slaves working together with the African slaves. The Euro-elites wanted to avoid this, so they transformed the African into the permanent chattel slave and the internal social enemy of the colonial system. The English elites used this exact method in the Virginia plantation colony during the 1660s-1670s, around the same time of Bacon’s small-farmer Rebellion. Unfortunately, the rulers’ devious plans worked.

The colonial elites had given the lower class European settlers a new cultural identity: whiteness, or white skin privileges. So, the European looking types, whether a wealthy slave planter living in a palace, or a drunken scoundrel with no shoes, home or horse, entered the same social grouping: the whites – versus the internal enemy of the colony – the blacks. Identity defines both what a person is, and what a person is not. This was the second sinister method: the false science of racialism, which still works marvelously – to this very day.

Before the colonial project with its racialism ideology, Europeans had two concepts of race: domestic animal husbandry or breeding, such as races of pigs, cows, dogs and horses, and race in relation to religious heterodoxy and body fluids.

The Spanish Empire had developed this strange concept of race connected to religion. The Spanish royal throne had to cleanse ‘their nation’ of the large populations of Jewish and Moorish, or Muslim, races in the late fifteenth-century, the 1490s. The Spanish elites linked race mixing and religious contact with human fluids, such as spit, flem, mucus, blood, sweat, tears, sexual and fecal excretions, and breast-feeding milk. Those cretinous elites had thought that any physical contact with another religious person’s bodily fluids signified permanent contamination, or damnation. On the mainland, they made the Jews and Muslims live in separate urban quarters, called ‘ghettos’ in Italian.

When the Spanish settled in the Americas, they used the same methods in their newer colonial cities. There were quarters for Spanish whites, and other quarters for indigenous natives ruled by indigenous elites with noble status, and there were also quarters for ‘racial castes,’ or ‘castas,’ which included the lowly, Latinized Africans. Each racial quarter had its own fountains, plazas, local governments, economic guilds, religious brotherhoods and churches. Yet with all this separation, most urban quarters in the Americas had a diverse array of ‘racial characteristics.’ New racial mixing terminologies entered the colonial lexicon, such as ‘mulatos, moriscos, zambos, mestizos, castizos, coyotes and lobos.’

From this cruel division of humanity into religious-racial-skin phenotypes, came the maggot science of racial caste and racial oppression. All of the colonial powers, the English, the French, the Portuguese and the Dutch, copied the Hispano concoction from such vile institutionalized injustice.

Without the work of the colonial-settler masters, the modern concept of race would not have existed. The blueprints for Fascism did not emerge from the desk of the Italian dicator Mussolini during the 1920s. The original drafts and plans of Fascism had built their durable foundations on the lying corpses of millions of natives and Africans. All of this genocide began in the colonized ‘Americas,’ and it has lasted from the 1490s to our present day.

Murdering the racial other is still accepted across the globe. White skin privilege still has its peculiar rewards. The same murderous elites continue to rule unimpeded in their crimes.

Until all those in resistance acknowledge this evil legacy from such a horrifying history, the political-economic elites of Europe and the former European colonies will continue to steal, rape and murder without any hesitation. The list includes North America, the Zio-Nazi Crusader State, or officially called the State of Israel, Latin America, and most of the nations of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Practically every nation of the Earth has suffered from the scars, hate and killing, all done in the name of European colonialism.

Modern colonialism has exterminated cultures and created ingenious methods of control through bogus racial hierarchies; while it has renamed lands and degraded local languages, and still continues to destroy natural ecosystems and recreate phony borders between nations. According to the neo-colonial slave masters in the Amerikan Empire and Europe, Fascism died out in the 1940s. Once again again they stand with the father of lies. Fascism has only transcended from its original colonial American setting.

The continents that first witnessed the Great American Genocide now host its most powerful, bastard fortunate son, the neo-colonial empire of sociopaths located in Washington D.C.

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Latin America: Hangs the Ghost of the Colonial Casta

Posted: June 3, 2014 in advertising, Afro-Argentines, Amerikan embassy, Argentina, Auracanians, barbaros, begging, boticas, Brazil, brutality, Buenos Aires, campesinos, cargo ships, cash crop plantations, castas, catastrophes, Chaco, Chile, cinema, Colombia, colonial violence, colonialism, colonies, corruption, criminality, cruelty, destruction, dictatorial government, Dirty War against subversives, disappearances, diseases, Dominican Republic, economic elites, elites, epidemics, eugenics, European immigration, Europeans, export crops, extermination, extremes of wealth, forced work schemes, General Roca, golpes de estado, Guatemala, indigenous, indios, institutional murders, jefes, kidnapped Africans, latifundias, Latin America, Latinization, Laws of the Indies, legal precedents, Lima, Mapuches, mass graves, mass murder, megalopolis, mestizos, Mexico, Mexico City, military forces, mines, misery, murder, narcos, native farmers, Native nations, nineteenth-century, obrajes, outbreaks, Pampa, Paraguay, paramilitaries, parasites, Patagonia, police forces, political bosses, political-economic system, poor populations, Portuguese, poverty, prisons, publicity, race, racial apartheid, racialism, republican period, self-hatred, selling off natural resources, skin lightening creams, slave system, slavery, slow genocide, social class, Spanish, state crime, street crime, subjects, tango, telenovelas, the land, urbanization, Uruguay, vendepatrias, Venezuela, War of the Desert, War of the Triple Alliance, whitening
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castapainting mestizocolonial casta paintingPorfirio Diaz pre skin lighteningDictador porfirio-diaz post skin lighteninggenocidios de nativosGeneral Julio RocaPresidente Juan Manuel SantosFOX

I remember arriving as a doctoral student researcher while visiting one of Latin America’s megalopolis capitals. This particular time it was Mexico City, or el DF, as they called it in Mexico. This gran metropolis also had a more notorious name, el ‘Monstruo,’ the Monster. It was, and definitely still is, a Monster, both in actual size and in population count.

Seeing the octopus urbanization from the plane, while landing onto the airport strip, was a shocking sight. The aerial vision portrayed brown-yellow vomit chunks from an ancient Aztec God. The whole mess represented a massive urban polis filled with hodgepodges of grey-black conglomerations, connected by various mini megalopolises of construction sites and twisting roads. The traffic never seemed to stop.

Squatters had previously built ramshackle houses of concrete cinder blocks and alloy metal roofs along the mountains and hills, and surrounding those harsh pits of humanity were a few ominous brown volcanoes in the far distance.

Only three hundred years ago, this city of 150,000 people had a massive blue lake around it. The city possessed as many canals as streets. Residents proudly called Mexico City the Venice of the Americas. But now, Lake Texcoco is almost completely dried up. Throughout the centuries, the city’s colonial ‘authorities’ murdered the surrounding lake beds and canals due to the incessant flooding during the rainy seasons. The dirty grey and black water floods still come in the late summer however. They will never leave.

Latin America’s melancholic past has included some horrifying stories and incidents. The long list comprises state sponsored genocides, impregnable state corruption, military-executioner honchos, killer narcos, paramilitary murderers on the prowl, murderous destruction of natural resources for easy gain, ‘vendepatrias,’ or politicians that sell out their people to the Amerikan Embassy, prison infernos, mass murders of ‘campesinos,’ or farmers.

Such historical accounts can never forget the institutional murders, or disappearances, against journalists and activists, with the terrible poverty, extremes of wealth between the mostly poor population and the few rich people. All across Latin America grows incessant misery, aggressive begging, common criminality, police state cruelty, and street riots with dead bodies lying around – with those infamous ‘golpes de estados,’ or coup d’états. Why has Latin America continually suffered from such diseases and terrible outbreaks? Even the revolutionary Simon Bolivar predicted such catastrophes for the Americas.

The reason for all of this daily terrorism and institutional violence has been due to three hundred years of Iberian colonialism. The worst forms of this colonialist violence moved in three stages: political-economic, legal, and racial. The most heinous actions of its colonial crimes represented its racial codes, or as they stated some three hundred years ago, ‘castas,’ or racial castes.

The Latin colonial systems, representing mostly the Spanish and the Portuguese, managed their ‘colonies’ as privileged economic districts for investment. They had maintained a massive slave worker-forced laborer system on export crop plantations, such as sugar. Slaves also worked inside linen factories, called ‘obrajes’ in Spanish, and in gold and silver mines.

During the colonial period, most native farmers did not fall into these slave systems – but other unfortunates did. This was especially true for many Africans, first kidnapped from their home continent, next brought over on cargo ships, later worked to death as slaves in the Americas.

The colonial powers taxed and heavily legislated against all of their subjects, whether Europeans, natives or African-Americans. These colonial codes had the names of the Laws of the Indies. The colonial authorities even legislated the style of clothes and jewelry wearing depending on social class status. Most colonial subjects ignored those laws, but the system had already set a bad legal precedent.

This violent colonial system tried to keep separated laws, dress codes, neighborhoods, religious confraternities, or brotherhoods, guilds and churches depending on social class and racial status. The Latin colonial authorities of the Americas had created the classical, racist Apartheid system. By the 1600s, the Spanish referred to it as, ‘mandamientos a las castas,’ or rules relegating the racial castes.

During the eighteenth-century, the 1700s, the only legal outlet for a casta person was to become ‘Latinized,’ speaking the language well, dressing well and having a good economic social position. The racial caste person could then receive an officially, royally stamped ‘certificate of whiteness.’

Three hundred years of this racial apartheid still infects the minds of millions of Latin Americans. It was not as bad as the actual US institutional racism-prison industrial complex against African-Americans; but like all forms of racialism, it was mentally and institutionally brutal nonetheless.

This particular colonial caste system created a terminal germ of self-hatred that still eats out the brains of many Latin American people, and especially the political-economic elites. Latin America can never achieve its long desired freedom and dignity as long as the bacillus parasites of self-hating ‘politicos,’ or politicians, gorges the insides of Latin America’s soul.

After spending some months living and researching in Mexico City, I began to notice daily and common annoyances concerning the adverts on the subway platforms, inside the metro cars, and on the billboards around the city. I also spotted similar issues on the ‘telenovelas,’ or Latin American soap operas, and on the stupid gossip and slapstick shows so ubiquitous to Latin American bad television.

Most of the presenters, actors, faces, images were of European looking people. It was impossible to find an indigenous face on any public program or advert. I found this especially strange inside particularly large national capitals, such as Mexico City and Lima. A majority of the people who live in such capitals are mestizo, a colonial caste denomination representing a mixture of an indigenous native and a European. Were there any actual mestizo faces on advertising and television?

I also noticed this problem in the cinema. It was still hard to find mestizo and indigenous faces on the screens. Visiting the many ‘boticas,’ or pharmacies in the cities, I perceived that one of the greatest scam businesses in the continent has represented the selling of skin lightening creams.

Dictator-murderers in Latin American history, such as Porfirio Diaz and Rafael Trujillo were regular users of such salves. Other Latin American corrupt bosses and dictators also seemed to have dipped into the magical Euro face ointments, such as Juan Manual Santos of Columbia and Vicente Fox of Mexico.

During the late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century, eugenics became the rage of European and North American political-economic elites. Latin America also had its eugenics supporters during the same period. Why do the southern cone countries of southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Chile have so many European looking citizens walking around its loud and dirty streets?

During the late nineteenth-century, the dictatorial governments of those countries had opened up ‘their lands’ to a massive European immigration scheme. They desperately wanted to whiten their countries from the shame of their indigenous and Afro-Latino communities. These ‘jefes,’ or state bosses, had hoped that a legion of Nordic Vikings and Germanic rune masters would settle ‘their continent’ and save the lazy, racially putrid Latin America from itself. Argentina received the bulk of this desired group.

Unfortunately for the Latino Euro-fakers, the majority of the immigrants were more from the Southern and Eastern European varieties, and there were also Arabs, Asians, and even Ashkenazi Jews that mixed into the newer white crowd. The Argentine generals would finish off some of the more dangerous elements of this mixed group during their genocide of the 1970s, called the Dirty War against Subversives.

Argentina, the whitest country in Latin America, (actually Uruguay and Chile together), has had its recent, ‘republican’ history replete with genocides. The corrupt kingpins in power first moved their racial genocide against the large Afro-Argentine community. At one time, they were about 30% of the population like Venezuela today. The Argentine Buenos Aires junta, which ran the ‘National Army,’ (under President Mitre), forced all Afro-Argentines to fight in the numerous wars of Argentina.

The most brutal war in Modern Latin American history was the War of the Triple Alliance in the middle part of the 1800s: Argentina, Imperial Brazil and Uruguay against Paraguay. Thousands of Afro-Argentinian men lost their lives for such a bogus war, and the general thugs simply buried the Afro-soldiers in mass graves located around central Buenos Aires. The historical grave sites don’t exist anymore.

The whitest countries of Latin American had almost exterminated the entire male population of the great Guarani-Mestizo Republic of Paraguay. Paraguay has still not recovered to this present day. This system of slow genocide continued well into the infamous War of the Desert in the latter part of the nineteenth-century.

The Afro-Argentine survivors would also die from recurrent outbreaks of cholera and yellow fever epidemics in their rat infested neighborhoods. The governments did nothing to help such poor people. The politicians felt good about the results. Now, only a few Afro-Argentines have survived, and their only cultural expressions live in the tango dance culture, and in Uruguayan Carnival.

The most heinous Argentinian genocide was the War of the Desert. General Julio Roca with a large Afro-Argentine and mestizo gaucho, or cowboy army, marched on the warpath to finally exterminate the recalcitrant barbarian ‘indios,’ or natives, in the Patagonia south, the Pampa central region, and the Gran Chaco north. In the south he tried to exterminate the great warrior nation of the Araucanians, or the Mapuches. The Mapuches have been continually fighting against colonialism and neocolonialism until this very day – mostly against the white Chilean crooks in Santiago.

Unfortunately, these state thugs had Winchester rifles, which worked marvelously in exterminating men, women and children. They successfully murdered tens of thousands of natives. There were also those European transplanted epidemics, which had already decimated the native nations. The actual killing figure is still unknown. General Roca had his name immortalized with pigeon shit statues around the country and his ugly mug on almost worthless bank notes.

As long as this sordid history retains the covers of pathetic lies and deadly omissions, then Latin America will continue to suffer the farce and absurdity of the bad life and the bad death. Argentina is not the only Latin American nation guilty of racialism and genocide. For example, Guatemala tried to do a similar racial liquidation program against the Mayan nation during the 1980s, further supported by the US government. Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela also tried their hands at such evil, racially incited, murderous practices.

Latin America will probably never be able to redeem its mind and soul from such an abusive history. But the true roots and holy souls of Latin America do not exist in London, Paris, Berlin or even in Miami, they continue to breathe inside the sacred earth, the medicinal plants, the powerful legends, the ancient gods, and those sacred native languages. Only in tortured Paraguay is the native language of Guarani one of its national tongues. And only a return to these sacrosanct cultures can ultimately transform the continent.