Archive for the ‘British East India Company’ Category

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From the hidden archives and covered annals of History, falls the troublesome tale of Tea, Camellia Sinensis, or as they called it in China, cha.

Like coffee beans, vanilla cane, cacao beans, sugar cane, yerba mate leaves and coca leaves, this light and soft, green leaf – delivers a nice energy kick for its users.

An important question elicits some response: how did such a distant Asian plant change the course of world history, and yet transform so many cultures – and even those far off lands where it is impossible to grow such a plant?

The answer lies not so much with the plant – but with the historical traders who have profited off such a traffic. Whether trafficking in human slaves for plantation death work, opiates for achieving quick deaths, high-tech weapons for creating more wars, psychotropic meds for encouraging more mass killings, or processed meats for allowing more efficient slaughterhouse floors – the trade in spices and herbs does engender some peculiar benefits.

It was not the spice-herb itself however. The human actions of traders changed everything through their cravings and desires for greater and faster profits. They have been the ones who have manipulated the prices, achieved monopolies, and pressured states to go to war over such rights of monopoly and the free trade of capital.

All of this rancid progress implied cheaper commodity prices across the board, and even cheaper wages for the unfortunate worker slaves on the plantations. Most importantly, all of their outrageous profits thereby insured the capitalist owners their legal rights to join the slothful, aristo-parasite club.

In the 1830s, one of the world history’s greatest colonial kidnappers, transporters, slave masters and mass murderers of Africans, the British Empire, had just recently ‘freed’ its slaves in the West Indies. Their West Indian, or really Caribbean, colonies represented Guyana, Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua and a whole other list of little islands that were nothing more than African extermination centers located in the Caribbean.

Like the other mass murderers of Africans, such as the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, French, Danish and American Empires, the British authorities widely celebrated their so-called ’emancipation from slavery.’ The slave rebellions and escapes were too much to handle – although they never admitted this. The colonizers always stated that their abolition of slavery was due to their European benevolence.

Through such colonial benevolence, those same European authorities refused to offer any help to the former ex-slaves. The ex-chattel dregs received no property, money, housing, food or anything – instead the authorities always compensated the wealthy slave-plantation owners and traders.

The ex-slave had thus transformed into the new criminal class of the lumpen proletariat, last hired, first hired – and only offered the worst jobs in regards to both pay and health dangers. If the ex-slave, the newly minted criminal, dared to protest, strike or riot, then the local military or paramilitary police forces would simply shoot and murder them like exterminating rabid dogs. This is what happened in such ex-colonies as Jamaica, Brazil and Louisiana during the mid to late 1800s.

As a historian, there was always another driving concern in regards to the whole abolition of slavery myth. Why did certain European and Euro-American powers legislate emancipation at different times?

The Brazilian Portuguese and the Spanish Cubans legislated emancipation of the slaves in the 1880s. The French legislated final slave abolition in the 1840s. The British did it in the 1830s. What happened in the 1830s? Britain’s imperial possessions in other parts of the world can add some understanding to the general history.

At this same time in world history, the British began their colonial-imperial moves to control the entire international tea market.. They had also become the greatest drug dealers in world history. The British Empire would steal both the tea production and some seeds from China. Next, they would produce the Chinese tea on large plantations in northern India and Ceylon, (the island of Sri Lanka, off the southern tip of India), while using slave labor, or ‘coolies’ from all over South Asia.

The British Empire would soon cultivate another crop of poppy plants on their same colony of India, soon called ‘The British Raj’ in order to sell the product as black opium paste to the unwary Chinese, and thereby make millions off the addicts, while creating a permanent client base of junkies. With the abolition of slavery in the British Caribbean, the British Empire could coerce poor Asians to immigrate to the Caribbean in order to work as coolie slaves on the sugar plantations. The island of Trinidad was the worst of the lot.

The ingenious British capitalists and colonial officials had both corralled ready consumers and ready slave workers on three different, separate continents!

British tea drinking would become cheap and widely accepted in Victorian British culture, with even the British royal court having its ‘afternoon tea time.’ Tea converted into the cheap rage for all of its social classes: the aristocracy, the middle class who always aped them, and even the new working classes, who had to work so many hours that they had no time for proper meals. Tea breaks and drinking class time at the pub would often suffice.

Meanwhile, back in India, all the tea plantations had imprisoned slave workers, often worked to death, while others just died of disease.

Tea, or the milky chai stuff with masala spices, had also become a new fad for the Indian colonial collaborators, or ‘the civil service.’ These same people would take over the Indian state after their so-called, ‘independence-emancipation’ in 1948.

In China, plagued with its British ‘trading ports,’ such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, the colonizers had stolen the tea secrets, broke the Chinese tea economy, and at the same time, the Brit colonial merchants were drugging millions of Chinese with the opium poison cultivated in India!

Many displaced Chinese farmers had to look for work across the globe, and so they became the new coolie wage slaves found in the American west, in Andean South America, and often transported on flimsy work contracts to work on the other British colonial possessions, such as Malaya, in the Indochina region.

Tea is a light and bitter-tasting green leaf that alleviates against torpor and sloth. Often ground into power with water, or oxidized into a black dried leaf and sipped with deep creamy spices, camellia sinensis, offers an airy release to the doldrums of living life. It is a drug, but not even close to the power of soft drugs. Tea simply refreshes the mind from its constant struggle against inertia.

Tea’s history is ancient another story altogether. Always precious within the Chinese Middle Kingdom, Chan/Zen Buddhist monks, of the Mahayana persuasion, regularly used and extolled tea’s virtues in helping keep the monk focused, while persevering between meditation sessions. Monks in Korea and Japan also imbibed the grounded, powdery tea leaves. Soon an entire mindful ceremony revolved around the use, presentation, and sipping of tea.

Unfortunately for tea, European military colonizers and the dishonest merchants of capital had also spotted uses for the plant. They perceived tea not as a universal drink, but as a commodity for control, monopoly and export – and in the final product, a windfall of profits for their perverted dreams of laziness.

To live – and to never have to do any hard work again! Due to all of their gnawing cravings and desires for profit, the merchants of capital a would perform any crime imaginable for its conquest: theft, lying, disreputable livelihoods, profiteering, enslaving, and of course, murder.

The British colonial cloak and dagger plot goes even deeper. In the 1830s, The Royal Horticultural Society hired a Scotsman, dressed in Chinese mandarin garb, like the Italian Jesuits about 200 years before him, to spy out the production of tea in China. This man, a Mr. Robert Fortune, (yes, that was his real name), was able to take copious notes and grab lots of seeds. He even transferred his loyalties to a more ominous entity, The British East India Company. And yes, this was the same notorious outfit that got its tea monopoly taken care of during the 1770s in America, and lead to the revolt there, i.e. the Boston Tea Party!

Fortune did make his Fortune for both him and his East India Company. By, the 1840s the British had established tea slave plantations in Assam and Darjeeling, and when their coffee production scam fell through in Ceylon, the British switched to tea down there. Is it not a coincidence that the British Raj of colonial India began in 1848.

The British had a hard time in rounding up coolie, indentured slaves for their plantations, so they imprisoned them inside those hellholes, and would not pay them in coin. Instead, they gave out scrap papers, which made them debt slaves to the ‘companies.’ The British even refused to supply clothing, housing – and even food. Most of the slaves would die through overwork and disease. There were many escapes. One slave plantation owner actually sent a local paramilitary force to murder the escapees.

All of this happened. Even Indian official history refuses to tell the horrid details. Maybe because their great, great grandparents helped their own British overlords in committing the mass imprisonment and mass murder.

The British Empire was always expert in the importation of foreign workers. The locals knew the dangers of working on their tea plantations, so the British colonials brought in unwary Nepalese. In Ceylon, modern Sri Lanka, the Sinhalese would not work to die on those plantations, so the British imported Tamils from southern India to work as slaves. The British then snubbed the Buddhist culture of the Sinhalese, and so they purposefully fused the tensions between the two communities leading to the recent Sinhalese extermination of the Tamil communities in Sri Lanka.

Is not absurd that in many of the places where the British had recently colonized, they have also left legacies of hate and murder between once peaceful communities: Sri Lanka-Tamil Nadu, India-Pakistan, Ulster-Ireland, Jordan-Palestine, Iraq-Gulf States, Canada-Quebec, Malaysia-China, Egypt-Sudan, Iraq-Iran, Afghanistan-Kashmir, Kenya-Uganda, Myanmar-Burma, Australia-Aboriginal Reserves, South Africa-Boer Afrikaaner States, New Zealand-Maori Treaties, Rhodesia-Zimbabwe and Biafra-Nigeria?

And so it goes – the British Empire triumphed in their devious schemes to become the biggest tea importer monopolists around the world. We have only to look on the contemporary tea names of Lipton, Tetley and Twinning, to uncover their devious works.

The British ultimately ceded their port colonies to Chinese control – and the British lost America some 200 years before. Both the British and Indians are now milky tea drinkers. Tea has become part of their cultures – inclusive of cricket and lackadaisical civil service bureaucracies. Absurdity is everywhere and the Six Truths of History still reign supreme.

Tea has not just changed the cultures of China, Korea, Japan, India, Sri Lanka and Britain. Russia has also adopted tea drinking and its rituals with the samovar instrument to pour the stuff. Russian tea drinking actually became an integral part of its culture around the same time as British culture embraced tea, during the nineteenth-century.

Islamic medieval civilization had been enjoying the bittersweet and light brews of tea with little marzipan cakes for a thousand years before the Europeans began to monopolize the trade. They were the first merchants of both tea and coffee, and never did they pine to control the entire tea market.

In the Maghreb and the Sahel of North Africa, a marvelous tea culture has emerged among all the different nations that live there. Once the tea sits in the metal tea container for at least ten minutes, called a tetería in Spanish, then the pourer throws the first cup to the floor, which flows with loose grains. This is the cup for one’s enemies. Next, comes the first pour of hot tea around the table, and often between friends, which represents the fiery power of youth. The second round of tea usually has sugar added to it. This round signifies life’s sweet moments of love, family and one’s mastery of work. The third oblation is the final one. This last drink has a more lukewarm, grainy and bitter flavor to it. The last libation represents the bittersweet taste of life leading to old age, illness and death.

Still to this day, wage slaves in India work to death on those same British tea plantations. Now, it is the Neo-colonial State of India that encourages the murder of its own citizens. Tea retains its sacred position in Chinese universal culture, which includes calligraphy writing, distinctive stupa architecture, sublime intellectual masters, paintings on silk, pious Buddhist monks, five thousand years of history, and exquisite porcelain china.

Thanks to America, and especially to the Boston Tea Party of 1773, which helped move the American Revolution along, most modern tea drinkers use tea bags in their cups. In the American Southland, they prefer iced sweet tea, or mint julep tea, to the warm black-milky stuff.

Camellia Sinensis sits on tables across the Earth and remains a prisoner to the tea corporations that want us to purchase their products. They are all distinctly displayed on most supermarket shelves across the globe. We can visit China, Korea and Japan in order to taste the powdered organic stuff – and yet even there – tea still sells on the marketplace.

One can grow tea, but it only flourishes in particular oceanic-moderate climates. Every time we pour another cup, let us stay awake, keep mindful, and live with a mind well-freed – while we shall always remember its absurd, brutal, sad history.

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Worlds of Pharmakopeia III: Opiates, Drugs of the Sweet Death

Posted: July 19, 2014 in Afghanistan, Africa, African-American ghettos, Amerikan Empire, artists, Asia, Basque Country, Bayer Company, bedridden sick, black gold, Black Panthers, bohemians, Boxer Rebellion, British East India Company, cannabis, capitalism, Charles Baudelaire, China, Chinese Communist Revolution, Chinese Nationalist Revolution, CIA, cinema, Colombia, colonialism, cool, counterculture, criminals, death, diarrhea, dictatorships, doctors, dope, Dorian Gray, drogue, drug addicts, drug dealers, drug prohibition, drugs, Dutch naval empire, dying patients, Egypt, empire, epiciers, ETA, eternal youth, eugenics, Europe, fashion models, FBI, God of Sleep, Golden Crescent, Golden Triangle, Greece, grunge, gunpowder, hashish, herbs, heroin, heroin chic, heroin flicks, heroin subculture, Hippocrates, hipsters, history, Hollywood actors, homeless, Hong Kong, ideology, India, Islamic merchants, jazz, jazz artists, joy, junkies, KMT, Kosovo Liberation Army, Kuomintang, Latino community ghettoes, Laudanum, legal opiates, legal privileges, mafias, Marseilles, medicine, merchandise, merchants, Mesopotamia, metal, Mexico, militancy, monopolies, morphine, movie subgenre, musicians, narcos, narcotics, nausea, nodding, Northern Ireland, NSA, occult, opiate serum, opiates, Opium, opium dens, opium tar, Opium Wars, Orient, pain, plants, poets, poppies, Portuguese naval empire, prescriptions, prison gulag, punk, Qing Dynasty, radicalized youth, rebellions, rebels, Red Army Faction, release, Renaissance, rock artists, rock music, romantics, scientists, Second British Empire, sensuality, Shanghai, skinniness, slaves, smoking, spice sellers, squatters, suffering, sugar, sweet death, Taiping Rebellion, the Americas, the State, Thomas de Quincey, trade, tramps, Turkey, unknown pains, urban areas, US Indochina invasion, weight loss, withdrawls, youth resistance
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Our English word for drug comes from the French word, ‘drogue.’ La drogue signified merchandise, but not just any merchandise commonly found in the markets of seventeenth-century Marseilles, France. This merchandise, like the other dangerous concoctions around the world, came from the Orient, or Asia. ‘Epiciers,’ or the spice sellers, legally sold this occult, hard stuff.

This drogue was a peculiarly special medicine, and not just for the ailing. It was really for those unfortunate, bedridden sick, dying from terrible and unknown pains. La drogue always sat ready for its desperate takers. It willfully took flight with its sacrificial victims onto the sweet ride of death.

Writing of death, the decade of the 1830s was an exceptional period for the ruthless scavenger cloaked in the monk’s robe, sporting the skull face and carrying the European peasant’s scythe. But this look of death was a bit more distinct and sensual. It didn’t fume the rancid Euro-sailor reek that made most foreigners almost vomit. It smelled more like a long pipe of sweet-smelling tar mixed with tobacco, or even cannabis. Accompanying this drug of the sweet death, was a deep aroma of British gunpowder and the bad death.

The greatest drug dealers in human history have not been the Colombian or Mexican narcos-cartels, nor the Afghan poppy bosses of the Golden Crescent, nor even the Kuomintang plant lords of the Golden Triangle; instead, the greatest drug dealers in human history have been two humongous Empires found in world history: the Second British Empire, (1783-1956), and the current Amerikan Empire, (the USA), with special emphases on its intelligence services, both the CIA and the DEA, or the Drug Enforcement Administration.

Within the dens and markets on the dirty South Pacific sea, off the coast of China, such as Hong Kong, existed the Imperial Trade. The time was around the 1830s. The British ran the Trade and controlled most the monopolies on the Trade. Other Europeans and European-colonials also participated in the madness, and just like the days of African slavery.

That sinister trade in humans meant the Black Gold kidnapped on the ‘dark continent,’ and then murdered en mass on the American continents during the 1700s. But this latter trade flourished under a stickier commodity.

The Qing Dynasty in China could not tolerate such attacks to its honor and dignity. The Europeans had slowly moved into the ports and cities, like Shanghai. Not only did the smelly and untrustworthy Europeans move in, but they stayed and demanded special ‘rights,’ or legal privileges for their dopey merchants.

The Euros also commanded special monopolies on their sacred commodities. The British, French, Dutch, Americans, Germans, Italians, Russians, and other flush faced monstrosities walked the ancient streets of the Chinese Emperor like demons on parade. The other devious interlopers were Japanese merchants.

The Qing Emperor decided to act and demanded that the British respect his law banning the importation of this other Black Gold, opium, and this time cultivated in Iran, Afghanistan and India. This Black Gold of the nineteenth-century had the infamous name of the Opium Trade.

Like other European colonial thugs before and after, the British East India Company refused to respect the Chinese law in the land of China. Did the British East India Company respect the Americans’ anti-Tea tax rebellions during the Revolutionary War in 1776?

The British already had the tea, and very soon, tea drinking became part of British middle class culture, with creamy milk added, and which is still widely popular in Britain today. But what about the millions of Chinese addicts visiting the dirty dens infested with bed bugs, so they could the smoke the magical pipe and hopefully – die the sweet death?

Britain weighed its options carefully, and decided that it could defeat the once great Chinese Qing Emperor. They were right. The British fought at least two full-scale wars against the corrupt and decadent, Chinese imperial court, murdering 50,000 Chinese anti-opium fighters with British rifle musket fire. The evil joke was on the Chinese, since they had first invented gunpowder about a thousand years ago! The British monopolists also took the port island city of Hong Kong, which they would not return to China until 1997.

China meanwhile began to drown within its own loss of face. The Taiping Rebellion would burst against the hated and dishonest European ‘buyers and sellers.’ Even with that defeat, the Chinese organized themselves into even more powerful secret societies, such as the Boxers, which also led to a full-on rebellion – and later, the Chinese Nationalist Revolution. With the Communist victory of 1949, the Chinese finally instituted real land reforms and ousted the European invaders from its territories – except for the cities of Hong Kong and Macao.

The worst slap in the face for China were the millions of pathetic addicts that lost their wills to live. How many lives and dignities snuffed themselves out for the light smoke of the sweet death?

But the colonial murderers and liars had the last laughs pitted against them. The Chinese opium den culture spread throughout the world’s cultures. Chinatowns opened up flea bag hotels for desperate Chinese workers trying to make some capital through slave wage work across the globe. Within these ‘Chinatowns,’ opium dens flourished, from Lima, Peru to San Francisco, California, from London to Penang, from Paris to Bangkok. A new class of ‘druggie’ entered the darkened smoking lairs.

In the late nineteenth-century, the rooms reeked of the strange blackened tar smoke, the interior decor was of dreary stained long mirrors, red burgundy-brown sienna peeling rice paper, and on the floor red burgundy, phony silk pillows and cushions. If the place had more ‘class,’ then they added dressing partitions and fans for the customers.

The customers were often Europeans, of both sexes, and many came from good class backgrounds and education. Some of them seemed to have that ‘bohemian’ look on them. What attracted those Euro-bohemians to the smoky dens once found in the rat and bug infested holes of Hong Kong?

Opium attracted them – and those sensual Chinese dens were only a small part of the Oriental exotic ambience. Opium, Morphine, Heroin and opium’s hundreds of both illegitimate and legitimate offspring, have offered to the world the peaceful nodding sleep, the deliverance from acute human suffering, both physical and mental, and the sweet death for the melancholic and hard life. The ultimate narcotic is for the dying, for those that desperately want to die, and for those that want to explore their own marvelous and sensual deaths.

For the evil empires of our modern world, and especially for the Amerikan Empire of Sociopaths, opium and its derivatives, with the refined genius of the permanently illegal Heroin, have become golden weapons in the marked arms of intelligence agencies. They are the finest weapons in the subduing of armies, of entire dangerous populations – and they have worked properly every single time – and still do until this very day.

Heroin still retains its status as the artist, traveler and outlaw drug in the Euro-American world of bohemians and rebels. For most of Heroin’s history, most addicts were often men. Yet recently, thousands of attractive young women, and often in their teens, have discovered the occult power of heroin in successfully controlling body weight. Only heroin can offer the female desire for the eating of sweets while retaining the skinny body frame. The sight of a woman’s dark and scrawny heroin body, or ‘heroin chic,’ offers the most profound sensual attraction of the dangerous ‘fashion model.’ Such is the strange and long history of the poppy plant first cultivated and traded in Mesopotamian Asia about 5,000 years ago.

The Sumerians traders referred to the poppies as the joy plants. Their brisk trade in joy, and the sweet death, made them welcome commodities in Ancient Egypt, the Phoenician coastal cities, and within the Greek city states. The ancient medical writer and philosopher, Hippocrates, referred to this plant as a good medicinal herb against pain, internal disorders and acute diarrhea.

Islamic merchants controlled the first opium monopoly during the medieval period, (800-1600 A.D.). Meanwhile, Europeans feared the drug’s ‘oriental’ powers. Opium growing spread to the Mediterranean climate, and especially into Egypt and Turkey, with another lethal commoditized drug, sugar.

Things changed swiftly during the Renaissance period, when the Portuguese traders, and later Dutch merchants, started to cut into the great Muslim traders’ monopoly of the plant. The Dutch even invented the offshoot of Opium, Laudanum, which mixed the poppies in liquor in order to deaden the bitter taste.

In the 1800s, a German doctor manufactured another derivative of Opium, called Morphine, named after the Greek God of sleep, Morpheus. Official medical doctors still legally use this drug as the last medicine for the dying. At the end of the nineteenth-century, a scientist working for the Bayer Company, would find the most powerful derivative of Morphine, called Heroin. In the early 1900s, when the Eugenics ideology moved into center stage, European and American governments banned the opiate serums.

Heroin has lately become the weapon exemplar for intelligence agencies, and especially in the US. After the loss of China in 1949, the western Kuomintang, or the KMT, helped by the CIA, fled into the Golden Triangle zone, (northern Thailand, Burma and Laos), and began to fund their terrorism against Communist China with Heroin profits. The eastern KMT took over the island of Formosa. The KMT thugs renamed it Taiwan, and established a notorious dictatorship continually supported by the Amerikan Empire as a cheap manufacturing base, and which still survives today.

What to do with all the Heroin production in the 1950s? The Amerikan Empire intelligence complex flooded African-American poor, urban neighborhoods with the dope, in order to destroy the growing militancy in the ghettos, such as the Copts and the Nation of Islam.

The CIA did not stop here. During the Amerikan Imperial invasion of Indochina, (1961-1975), the intelligence assets began the Air America scheme to transport Heroin from the Golden Triangle region and make some incredible profits. Where did they drop the dope in late 60s and early 70s? Again, they hit the African-American, poor urban areas hard and the urban Latino communities. The Black Panthers tried to fight back, but the FBI had them exterminated. The dope also found its street cred among radicalized returning US veterans and in the countercultural, hipster zones, such as the Lower East Side, NYC, and in Haight-Ashbury, San Francisco. LSD-Acid had its days, and so the dope killed the fun.

In the 1980s, while the CIA and NSA worked with major Crack-Cocaine importers from Latin America, they helped restart the Golden Crescent zone of Afghanistan and Pakistan, in order to debilitate the Russian armies fighting the Mujahedeen fighters.

And now, with the Amerikan imperial invasion and occupation of Afghanistan, Heroin is showing up everywhere. The Amerikan Empire’s intelligence agencies are dumping the stuff across the small remaining outposts of middle class, ‘white skin privilege’ Amerika. They don’t care where it goes anymore.

Of course, they are still getting help from their narco brothers across the southern border, and from every Mafia group found inside and outside of the US, including ‘the Kosovo Liberation Army,’ the same group of hired thugs the Amerikan Empire supported against Serbia in the 1990s. Joy to the imperial state and mafia criminals!

Other European intelligence agencies have also used the secretive dope weapon. When Italy and Germany began to heat up with youth resistance in the 1970s, such as the RAF, or the Red Army Faction, and the Red Brigades, all of sudden, cheap dope hit the youth scene. When nationalist youth fought furiously in Northern Ireland and in the Basque Country in the 1980s, the IRA and ETA nationalist fighting wings had to start hunting the dope pushers. Greece is the most youth radicalized country in Europe, and there, copious amounts of cheap dope flood the urban streets of Athens.

Why are rebellious youth attracted to the product in the first place? The answers lie in the sensuality of the sweet death, eternal sleep, permanent illegality of the most potent narcotic, and the heroin chic montage of eternal skinniness and authentic cool rebellion.

From the nineteenth-century, European Bohemia began to dabble inside the Opium dens. Some became rabid smokers, while others became ‘opium eaters.’ Oscar Wilde vividly described a literary scene where the eternally young, Dorian Gray, regularly visited the ‘London clubs.’ The French Romantic poet, Charles Baudelaire, fell into a severe Opium addiction while living in decadent Paris. He mellowed out his withdrawals with copious Hashish smoking. Other romantic Opiate dabblers were Thomas de Quincey, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.

In the twentieth-century, when music took hold of European and American youth imagination with jazz, rock and its subgenres of metal, grunge and punk, Heroin embraced its newfound artist friends. Almost the entirety of America’s great jazz musicians got hooked into the Heroin miasma, such as Coltrane, Parker, Baker, Monk, Davis, Charles and Holliday. With Rock it has been about the same, and it is still this way. Some of the tragic deaths of numerous rock stars have had their connections to the Opiate serum. Even Hollywood actors have taken the Heroin plunge, such as Alma Rubens, Wallace Reid, Bela Lugosi, Montgomery Clift, John Belushi, Robert Pastorelli, River Phoenix, Chris Farley and Phillip Seymour.

Writing about the movies, an entire subgenre of cinema has explored the cool, pretty junkie, illegal drug, heroin subculture of squatters, traveling addicts, outlaws and tramps, such as ‘Trainspotting, Sid and Nancy, Candy, The Panic in Needle Park, Jesus’ Son, Requiem for a Dream, Gia, Christiana F, Gridlock’d, Basketball Diaries, Permanent Midnight,’ and ‘Drugstore Cowboy.’

Most importantly, Heroin has recently found another home among female models and handsome young women that don’t want to deal with the contemporary mental and physical pains of having to continually losing weight and staying thin. They have discovered that regular yoga workouts and vegetarian fad diets require enormous amounts of personal discipline and struggle. They are too sensitive for such fighting, so they have uncovered another secret weapon to keeping thin – the romantic life of the fringe drug addict. Heroin chic truly is chic, and in our modern world, it is here to stay.

And so here is the strange and fascinating history of the Opium drug. Across the globe millions of working class addicts have to struggle daily in order to feed their brutal habits and avoid the horrible withdrawals. Wealthy addicts have their stable connects, can simply shoot the medicine in their rooms, and die peacefully in their homes. Official doctors can prescribe various ‘legal opiates,’ such as Codeine, Vicodin, Fentanyl, Demerol, Suboxone, Percodan, Oxycontin and Dilaudid; while some unfortunate street peddlers now rot in the Amerikan gulag.

Its origins, like Cannabis, come from the exotic, mystical and occult Orient. At present, Heroin flourishes everywhere on the planet. A strange social concoction of artists, intelligence agents, musicians, disreputable politicians, poets, mafiosi and models have fallen in love with the poppy plant, yet Heroin offers the deep mental-physical release to all that use it. This utopia mixed with exaltation ultimately explains its rampant popularity worldwide. And finally, it relieves all physical and mental suffering – leading us all to the sweet death.