Archive for the ‘profiteering’ Category

Dangerous Ideologies VI: The Amerikan Higher Ed ‘Ponzi Scheme’

Posted: January 2, 2016 in academia, academic buffoons, academic bullies, academic institutions, academic stars, administration, administrator overlords, advertising, Amerikan Dream-Nightmare, Amerikan Empire, Amerikan higher education, Amerikan imperial history, Amerikan imperial project, bad jobs, brainwashing, bureaucratic-pyramid structure, campus directors, campus tours for prospective students and their families, capital, capitalism, class, class traitors, college transfers, colleges, commandeering class, control, corporate marketers, corporation, corrupt institutions, culture, deceit, dirty workers, dishonesty, diversified studies, duplicity, education, education cheats, elite families, elite universities, elites, Endowment slush funds, faculty, flag-ship university institutions, flim flam operations, for-profit higher learning institutions, foreign graduate students, frauds, free advertising, good paying jobs, graduate school, graduate students, Harvard, Higher Education monopoly, history, illegal immigrants, institutional taxes, Ivy League standard universities, Ivy League universities, labor, larded vocabulary, legal crime, lies, low pay, low salaries, low wage work, majors, managerial class, marketing revamps, marks, ministry training, money, Neo-Marxist gibberish, owner class, part-time adjunk instructors, peonage, peons, political-economic elites, ponzi schemes, pride-ridden boors, profit, profiteering, publicity, pyramid schemes, rackets, rankings, religious corporate institutions, reputations, return on investments, robber baron capitalists, scams, second tire universities, seminaries, slavery, slaves, snobbery, social class, student workers, students, swindles, teaching research assistants, tenure, tenured professor cowards, the State, underemployment, undergraduate students, unemployment, United States of America, universities, university administrators, university college degrees, useless doctoral degree, wage slavery, wage slaves, work
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HARVARD-UNIVERSITYAnother PhD winnerKeeping working over-educated slavesscamsabandon-hopeamerican-greedStudent-Loan-Debt-Tops-900-Billion1california-student-protests.gi.top

Some scams are quite obvious through their open dishonesty. But there are other, more dangerous flim flam operations, which often hide under the covers of opportunity. Some fraud operations have their public exposure from the crime shows on TV.

There exist other swindles that prick at the heart and the mind because we experienced them first hand. So we are survivors now, and we have the responsibility in telling the sleazy tale of deceit. We hold the duty in warning others.

This essay is both a historical piece on one of the most shameful swindles in modern American history, and at the same time, this is a warning for those who might fall victim to the lies of the educated cheats hiding within faculty dungeons and administrator offices – all within the towers and chains of the Amerikan Higher Education incinerator. Let the reader beware.

The university administrators where I had studied, and their very own tenured gang of professors whom I worked for, scammed me horribly. They took away six years of my life for a worthless doctoral degree within the humanities subject of history. Not only did they take advantage of me, but they cursed me forever. They knew full well that I would not find decent work after graduating with a flimsy PhD paper, but they continued their duplicity until the end of my studies.

For a heinous lie, they robbed me of my life’s options, which has all but destroyed my work chances for the rest of my entire life. The only jobs that I can now do represent extremely low-level, low paying work, such as back kitchen, service industry detail, or peon retail, clerical work.

I paid dearly for attending graduate school, but while surviving in that hell mouth of constant work with futile results, I also uncovered a greater crime. It was not just graduate school itself, or the particular university structure that was a corrupt institution. It was the entire Amerikan Higher Ed, College-University System, which was at fault.

I discovered that the Amerikan college complete package was one of the most heinous Ponzi-pyramid schemes. Yet most Americans believe that going to college and getting a degree is a necessary step before entering the work force, almost like a median level between high school and the first real job. This brainwashing trope is similar to many Americans who also believe that the US Military-Industrial-Spy-Complex defends our freedoms and liberties – not the Constitution.

The Amerikan University swindle operates under the bureaucratic-pyramid structure, whether private institutions, for-profit centers, public establishments, or so-called non-profit status centers. All of the above institutions profit off the incoming students and the students’ families.

On the top of the pyramid are lots and lots of administrators, such as trustees, regents, corporate boards of directors, presidents, assistant presidents, provosts, assistant provosts, deans, assistant deans, and multiple other campus directors, such as Director of Affirmative Action, Director of Alcohol Abuse, all of whom run and administer, and most importantly, profit off everyone else that happens to work for them, or pay into the corporation.

These administrators live as the owner class of the institutions. They all make six to seven-figure salaries, receive full rounds of benefits, which often include paid for housing and transportation, and extensive severance packages if forced to vacate their comfortable positions.

The next levels are the selected, top tiered employees, or the commandeering class, who bring in lots of money to the university, such as the football and men basketball coaches, the science, medicine and law, tenured professor stars who receive millions of dollars in US govt. grant money, or the cops that violently protect the administrators’ privileges, such as the campus police force. Like their admin overlords, all of them receive six figure salaries with full, luxurious benefits, and decent severance payments if forced to leave.

The levels further down are all the other tenured, full-time professors and campus spokespersons representing the managerial class. This subset also includes the university librarians, campus food services managers, campus student services managers, campus activities leaders, executive administrative assistants, and the grounds workers, transportation workers, etc., with seniority rights.

There are many of these posts, and they receive good paying salaries with good benefits, but their pay does not often reach to the six figure level, and they must contribute a tax to their campus privileges, such as health care. If they stay for twenty years or longer, without any controversy or incidents, then they can receive a small pension for the rest of their lives, called emeritus, if they worked in the academic fields.

Then the bottom drops out, and literally drops out, for the many peons caught in the college black widow spider web. The peon rabble includes the many part-time, adjunk instructors with advanced degrees who teach a lot of the classes, and who receive no benefits. Their overall net pay is lower than most fast food service workers.

There exist hundreds of graduate student-teaching-research assistants who also teach for extremely low pay. Next, come the campus dining-cleaning workers, most of whom are illegal immigrant workers. A bizarre subset of this rabble comprise the foreign graduate students who work like slaves in the science laboratories, while they pay lots of foreign student tuition money in order to attend those same institutions!

The most abused sub-group represents the thousands of undergraduate students, many of whom also work for the university, and yet, the same university institution taxes without mercy their families for every conceivable, imagined payment. The sordid nickle and dime list of fees includes matriculation, credit classes, non-credit classes, dining, campus services, technology, graduation, transfer, transcripts, applications, counseling, security, building, parking, housing, study abroad, etc.

The next question concerns the history of such institutions: how did they transform themselves into such profiteering, corporate-bureaucratic machines?

Most Amerikan universities and college academics love to ridicule and deride both the for-profit higher learning institutions with their pathetic business and technical degrees and the religious colleges and seminaries that hand out easy doctoral degrees related to religious-theological concerns.

This snobbery is simply the derision of the arrogant buffoons with larded vocabulary looking down on the ignorant poor below. Those pride-ridden boors forget that America’s colleges and universities, the very first ones, such as Harvard, Yale and Princeton, started out as religious corporate institutions, training seminarians for the ministry. Is it not ironic that those same old colonial seminaries of Calvinist fanatics, Puritans, (English rite), and Presbyterians, (Scottish-Irish rite), are now the USA’s top private Ivy League institutions?

The cowardly academic bullies, many of them trained in Neo-Marxist gibberish and who write books and articles that very few people ever care to read, also forget how they willingly cringe and submit to their administrator overlords. The old truth still matters: the bully to the weak, is often the coward to the strong.

By the second half of the 1700’s, the Ivy League seminary schools began to diversify their studies; instead of just the old courses on Biblical Hermeneutics and Ecclesiastical History.

Until the mid 1800’s, most of the Ivy League graduates still had ties to the ministry, or to certain elite families within their geographic region. Since those institutions were the first American universities, and have had the greatest reputations, they started a noxious trend where every other university and college in States has followed their examples.

These private Ivy League institutions, run by Corporate Boards of Directors, now have Endowment slush funds in the billions of dollars, which are greater than most of the world nations’ Gross Domestic Products. Unlike most other universities and colleges, their return on investments works for their students. Even in economic depressions, their students find good paying jobs.

The Harvard Corporation insures that their faithful, institutionalized, corporatized students receive good work prospects within surrogate corporate institutions. The surrogate institutions all swim within the Liberal economic maze, while seeping inside the global capitalist labyrinth.

The Ivy League university system is most important for the Amerikan Empire because it ensures a new generation of institutionalized political-economic elites to take the place of the older ones. A few of the scholarships and poor kids who attend such colleges receive new identities as the future class traitors-ambassadors for the Amerikan imperial project.

The Harvard Corporation stole this method from the British aristo-parasites who always allowed a few wealthy families to enter the titled aristocracy. This illusion of hope and dope allows the elites some breathing room – so they don’t have the fear the mass of wage slaves waking up – and eventually putting the elites into early graves.

Harvard especially uses this deceitful method in advertising ad nauseam its token ex-homeless, ex-welfare hotel, ex-poverty-survivor students as champions of the Liberal ideology. In the Amerikan Empire, everyone has a chance of making it. If you don’t have lots of money and wealth – then that is your problem. The Great Lie reiterates: the ticket to the American Dream remains essentially a university-college education.

Due to the Ivy League’s success in transforming their religious seminaries into first class universities, Amerika’s robber baron capitalists also invested in the higher ed scheme during the late 1800’s and early 1900’s.

Some good examples have included, Leland Stanford in California, Cornelius Vanderbilt in Tennessee. William Marsh Rice in Texas, Washington Duke in North Carolina, Paul Tulane in Louisiana, Johns Hopkins in Maryland, and the capitalist tag team of industrialist and banker, Andrew Carnegie and Andrew Mellon in western Pennsylvania, and finally, John D. Rockefeller’s donation, The University of Chicago. All of these schools are not in the Ivy League geographic zone, but they certainly imply Ivy League standards. The elites’ investments were successful.

Amerika’s state universities also joined in the re-marketing revamp. They hid their ties as boarding schools for elites and wealthy families, and soon brought in academic stars, mostly in the hard and applied sciences. Some state universities’ reputations entered the second class tier, such as the University of California Berkeley, The College of New Jersey Rutgers, the University of Virginia, and The University of Texas Austin. The Amerikan university complex had discovered both a gold mine and an oil-gas pocket at the same time.

By the 1970s, the older western land grant, university institutions for agribusiness, and mining-gas industry related studies, modified themselves into massive state institutions with over a hundred different majors. Former state teacher certification colleges, or regional State colleges, also recast themselves as flag-ship university institutions. Even the junior-technical colleges of two-year Associate degrees, converted themselves into regular colleges with multiple majors for transferring credits into the state college system – the community college system.

All of the Amerikan universities-colleges, from the Ivy Leagues to the small junior colleges in the rural west, have utilized the corporate-bureaucratic pyramid model for achieving their profits. They all function as top-heavy structures with the well-paid administrators teaching no classes, while most of the dirty workers, including the regular instruction of students, represent part-timer adjunks receiving salaries lower than fast food wage slaves. How do these corrupt institutions get away with such fraud and continue to gather such extraordinary profits?

The answers fall to the wicked brews of publicity, marketing and advertising. also called college rankings, mixed into the lead boil ideology of the Amerikan Dream-Nightmare – blended with the bitter spices of Neo-Marxist gibberish concerning equal opportunities, harassment free safe spaces and challenges for social justice.

As the college ranking system changes annually, the administrators invest heavily in corporate marketers to advertise their university or college’s success stories. Students and professors willingly give free advertising for the administrators on their universities’ main web pages.

If one visits any higher education campus, the visitor will spot low paid student workers giving tours of the campus to lots of families and prospective students. Most of the families are from the old American working class and middle class, people who worked hard, but were able to save some capital for their kids’ college education.

In our dying Amerikan, imperial economy, the Amerikan university artifice has ultimately transformed itself into another ponzi-pyramid scheme. It robs from the marks that innocently use its same services – the students.

The Amerikan university institution is now up there in the sublime racket stratosphere with private prisons, security firms, check cashing outlets, pawn shop rebates, smart phone monthly payment plans, health and life insurance options, Division of Motor Vehicle rates, sales and payroll taxes, utility fees, civil forfeiture, public comment allotments at City Hall, jail bond bail payments, congressional gerrymandering of voting districts, TV infotainment, work application drug testing-background check fees, TSA airport security theater, police internal affairs, US imperial human rights policies, W-2 employment forms, DUI checkpoints, happy hour bar prices, cover charges, restaurant buffet lunch menus and political elections.

Is it any wonder that the only public institution that some Americans still respect is the US Military, and that the only cultural space left where some Americans actually can feel some flicker of dignity – is at church?

The Harvard Corporation works for its graduating elite students. But what will the other students do with their futile degrees at lesser ranked universities and colleges? They often do not have access to good jobs, and then after graduating, the students owe lots of loaned money to the banks?

The Amerikan Empire has released the furies of outrage and exasperation upon us all. With the Higher Education monopoly exposed, learn a real skill while getting paid – and save your dignity.

 

 

Cutting down the Restaurant Dependency

Posted: July 9, 2014 in abuse, Africa, alternative, Amerikan Empire, aristocrats, Asia, back kitchen, bad attitudes, bars, bartender, bouillon, bourgeoisie, busboys, business ventures, cafes, capitalism, capitalist division of labor, care, cash, cereal and vegetable diet, cheapness, chefs, China, cities, class based diets, class position, clubs, coffee, comfort, community, condiments, conspicuous consumption, consumption, cooks, coops, copping free drinks, corporate, culinary skills, culture, customers, diet, dining ambience, diseases, dishwashers, dives, divide and conquer, eating out, eighteenth-century, elites, elitism, ethnic restaurants, Europe, family run restaurants, fees, feudalism, fine dining, fine foods, fine restaurants, food consumption, food cultures, food idolatry, food markets, food service, food wholesalers, foods, France, French Revolution, fresh foods, freshness, front staff, global capitalism, gluttony, gourmet, Hangzhou, hard drugs, healing, health, health inspectors, hearty diet, herbs, hiding money, high worker turnover, home cooked meals, hospitals, hosts, Ibn Battuta, illegal immigrants, illnesses, inheritance, institutionalization, Jewish merchants, labor, legal theft, local dishes, lower classes, main courses, managers, Marco Polo, maritime spice routes, markets, marks, meat and fish diets, megalopolis, menu, microwaves, money, Muslim merchants, out of town visitors, overpriced drinks, owners, Paris, peasants, petit bourgeoisie, plate presentation, plates, pre-prepared plates, preps, price gouging, private cooks, profit, profiteering, public health, restaurant hells, restaurant options, restaurants, restaurer, reused food scraps, rich and lazy, savage capitalism, scams, sensuality of food, servers, service industry, service industry workers, shared kitchens, sickness, side dishes, slave wages, small business owners, smells, soups, South China Sea, South Seas, spices, staff, stale foods, stalls, stealing, Sung Dynasty, table d'hôte, tastes, taxes, ten course meals, the art of cooking, the rich, the wealthy, thirteenth-century, tips, travelers, traveling, unclean dives, uncleaniness, under the table work, upper classes, veggie cooperatives, waiters, workers, youth hostels
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who will clean the messthe daily menu specialrestaurant_Paris_19erat turds under kitchenHangzhou-Marketpizza and cockaroach

The wonders of feeling served, cared for, and looked after represent some of our greatest life experiences. Even when we are physically ill, good rest and wholesome care help us to achieve that piece of mind and marvelous plateau of comfort. These actions display the gifts of unconditional love and they can eventually lead to true healing.

One of the most brutal aspects inside the culture of modern capitalism has been its perversion of such care. Whether they have the names of ‘health care, culinary centers,’ or ‘festival parks,’ capitalism has mugged and institutionalized the older enchantments of strong familial relations and community bonds into their profit-making enterprises.

These institutions have even gone farther into the crimes of legal theft and profiteering. The occult history of restaurants actually began in China during the 1200s, and for our modern restos, in France during the 1700s.

On a rough day in 1760s Paris, a coarse gentleman was clumping in the thin, narrow, cobblestone and nasty dirt, medieval streets of the city. The season was the beginning of an early winter in late November. The cold air was dead with frost, yet whips of cool wind fury could brutally bite the toughest soldier. He was also walking during the ratty, early morning hours. The sky had possessed an overcast grey muddy tinge that led to more foreboding.

The man wore his black hair in long locks with a tail at the end. He was clothed in an overcoat, a vest, a white blouse shirt, and unlike other wealthier men at the time, had on worker pants, while his long black leather boots covered his lower pant legs. He was of medium height, mostly clean-shaven, except for a permanent stubble on the chin and cheeks, and his face had that look of deep thought mixed with the pains of human suffering. He suffered from a mysterious illness inside his belly, a common ailment for that historical time.

He was actually walking to a ‘restaurant,’ a specialized medical dining hall that would hopefully ‘restaurer,’ or restore his health. There were a few in Paris, and this one was famous for its large spoon and bowl over the front door that advertised its palliative care. In those days, they still didn’t use numbers for specific addresses.

When he finally arrived at the care place, there were already a group of men, women and children sitting at the common table. The common table had the name of ‘table d’hôte,’ or the host’s table. He sat down at the end and already felt a nagging feeling.

The hostess suddenly slammed the large soup containers, hard bread, and salt in the middle of the large wooden, dirty table. The center mass of sick people began to hog the soup for the best choices of boiled chicken scrap, ‘bouillon,’ or broth, and seasonal cooked veggies. The bowl went around the table and so the people at the ends had to deal with what was left over. Eating at these places was often a surprise, since the meals often sat for a long time in large pots over the kitchen fire. Such was the ‘pot luck’ in those days. The tired man ate his food and paid his usual cheap ‘écus’ for the simple fare.

He also noticed some out-of-town travelers from the provinces at the table. The hostess charged them the ‘traveler’ fee, which was more expensive. He felt lucky in that he was a ‘Parisian’ local and knew the going rate. Until this very day, many restaurants are notorious for trying to fleece and legally rob unwary customers and out-of-town visitors.

This type of restaurant lasted until the French Revolution of the 1790s. By the beginning of the nineteenth-century, the 1800s, unemployed cooks that had previously worked for the parasitical ‘aristocrats’ began to advertise their culinary skills. If they had any capital, they could open a ‘restaurant’ for the ‘bourgeoisie,’ or upper class, owner-elites. These elites wanted to taste the exquisite plates from the previous epoch of sensual-gluttonous, aristo dining, represented by ten course meals.

The cooks offered ‘menus,’ or selected plates for the day at fixed prices and at certain eating times of the day. The cook owners cut up the tables to make sure there was greater privacy for the paying diners. Such was the birth of the modern restaurant that still spits out its notoriety.

Fine restaurants have continued to thrive as the ultimate conspicuous show of elitism and consumption. The wealthy elites can eat the ‘fine food,’ and enjoy the restaurant ambience, while they thumb their noses at the lower classes that cannot often afford to dine out.

Restaurants would soon perfect their harsh, capitalist division of labor. First came the owner, then the day-to-day manager, next the hot cook, or main cook, ‘le chef,’ and later, the front staff, waiters and hosts, or ‘serveurs.’ and finally the rest of the back staff – busboys, prep and assistant cold plate cooks – and the lowly dishwasher-general cleaner. But in China, five hundred years earlier, the restaurant existed as the extension of the spice and food market.

During the Sung dynasty in China, around the 1230s, this political dynasty had constructed a new capital and market center called Hangzhou. Hangzhou was not an ordinary city for those times. This megalopolis sold every type of imaginable fish, meat, vegetable and fruit – and most importantly, herbs and spices. Within the massive market, the traveler could find Muslim merchants coming from their routes in Africa and Asia, and even well-traveled Jewish merchant traders resided in the city. Famous world travelers visited the site, such as Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta. The city was also the most populous city in the world with over one million inhabitants.

Within the canal and urban jungle labyrinth of markets, buyers and sellers, the visitor could taste the culinary wonders of the world. The majestic stories were quite famous concerning the beautiful city on the lake and the green hills surrounding it. The wonderful foods, tastes, exotic sights, stalls, markets, herbs, smells, and spices enchanted Europeans accustomed to the harsh medieval cereal, legume and vegetable diet.

European elites began to desire a more refined table and palette, and they also wanted more culinary art diversity and a regular diet of diverse meats and fishes.

Local food preparers in Hangzhou prepared stuffed dumpling delights, and mixed noodle and soup plates. These European elite desires for the gourmet plate led to the colonial sea race in order to find another maritime route to India, China and the South Seas, (or the South China Sea lands of Malays, Siamese, Khmers, Laos, and Annam-Champa, or Vietnam).

Six hundred years later, elite Europeans would become the colonial-imperial curse on the Earth. European elites had idolized the sensuality of food over the healthy and hearty diet of the European peasant. The display of wealth and class power had trumped the warm feeling of family and community around a simple, yet tasty fare.

Our modern restaurant is the sacred symbol of food idolatry, small time savage capitalism and the fraudulent display of class position. The resto ultimately serves the rich and lazy that refuse to cook for themselves. The elites want the culinary arts that come with money, yet they refuse to do the labor. Someone else must labor, and labor mercilessly, in order for the money people to enjoy the experience – and the profiteering.

This vice is especially true for the restaurant owners. They might know a lot about food, and a few might even have worked as chefs before, but their main hankering is for a profit, or taking advantage of the mark, or customer, and the laboring staff. If this means buying cheap, genetically modified wholesale food for consumption, leaving out side dish food in metal canisters with plastic wrap for over a month, charging triple prices for cheap drinks, or even taking half-eaten food scraps and putting them in the general use bins – they will do it. The restaurant owner truly wants to make a profit, not feed humanity out of love.

Some restaurant owners have never done kitchen work in their lives. They simply inherited the joint from their parents, or as small time capitalists, they went into restaurant work because they thought that the money would come quickly and easily. They often hire their friends and buddies from previous business ventures, and who also know very little about food and drinks, to manage the dives. Woe unto the service workers that have to deal with these restaurant hells. If the city health inspectors really did their jobs, they would close those rancid places down.

US Restaurants often attract the most vicious, petty, mean, and cheap bosses from the small business owner class, or the petit bourgeoisie. Due to the heavy use of cash, the restaurant racket, like construction, can easily hide the underground economy, or ‘under the table’ money, from the government. In America, the owners can get away with paying a slave wage to the front staff, since the marks, or the customers, are partly required to pay the servers’ wages through ‘tips.’

Also in America, restaurants like construction, hotels and cleaning services, are the mainstays in hiring illegal immigrant workers, In restaurants, they all tend to work and stay hidden in the back kitchen. If the kitchen workers complain, then a call to the Immigration Service will suffice. I have even seen with my own eyes, Latino-mestizo workers from Mexico, Honduras and El Salvador doing the hot cooking in varied ethnic restaurants, such as Indian, Japanese, French, Ethiopian and Thai places!

I have my own personal work stories. When I was younger, I only worked in the back kitchen as a dishwasher for the desperation of needed travel money. I usual bolted when I had made enough cash, or the managers just fired me for religiously taking my breaks. I noticed that many of the young cooks were serious hard drug addicts and a few even sold hard drugs from the back doors.

The waitresses also acted nasty and rude. There were some serious infighting and petty hatreds between the cooks, hosts and servers. The restaurant boss had successfully used the old divide and conquer strategy. No wonder coffee was always free to the wage and tip slaves. Worker turnover was always high.

The workers often counterattacked by making deals with the bartender, including sleeping with him or her, in order to cop free drinks – after the lazy owner went AWOL from the job. The cooks stole copious amounts of food for their own late night deep-frying. The petty and pathetic servers with bad attitudes even made fun of the regular customers to the other staff, who generally ordered their usual meals and drinks – and yet tipped those assholes well.

Some Anarchists counter the anti-restaurant arguments by arguing in favor of vegan-cooperative ventures, or small, family owned restaurants and ethnic food enclaves. But these restaurant options suffer from the same diseases of capitalism – making more money.

If all restaurants use funny money, than they have to make some base profit in order to survive. In family ethnic restaurants the bosses are still bosses and often demand that all the workers share their tips with the owner, which is one of the last holdouts of feudalism. In order for alternative coops to make money, they have to cut corners too, and especially with food freshness. Vegetarian-vegan hipster cooperatives are often the worst abusers of reusing old breads, rice, millet and quinoa, and nuking pre-prepared plates, often made a few days ago, inside of their multiple microwaves – so much for freshness.

If a regular customer that likes to go out to eat and could see inside the actual kitchens and operations of restaurants, then he or she would refrain from visiting them regularly. The real issue, and especially for us Anarchists, is not succumbing to the vicious culture of global capitalism. We continue to pay the servers through our tips in order to help a cheap small business owner make a profit.

We could do the cooking labor at our homes, or at someone else’s house where the fare is often better than the resto variety. At least we know the freshness content of the food we are using. Cooking is also an art, and it is open to all of us humans, since we all do art in some form. Eating out is quite expensive too.

In our contemporary world, we cannot simply avoid restaurants and ban them completely from our lives. But we can cherish those special visits and occasions at our local eating place with family and friends and during festivities.

For those of us that travel, we often have no choice in the matter. If we are in a foreign country, then we would also want to try the local dishes. Youth hostels offer a good option for travelers since most of them have shared kitchens for guests.

We should always remember that the modern restaurant began as an informal medical place for the sick. If we are alive and still healthy, then let’s control our own food consumption and share the cooking within our own families and among our own small, friendly communities.