Archive for the ‘self-hatred’ Category

Dangerous Ideologies III: Racialism-Eugenics

Posted: July 8, 2015 in Africa, African slave trade, African slavery, American universities, Americas, anthropology, Apocalypse, apostates, aristocracy, Asia, beliefs, Bilderberg, blood, Blood of Jesus, blood poisoning, blood purity, breast milk, British Empire, bureaucracies, Catholic Christianity, cattle economies, cheap labor, Christian kingdoms, Christianity, clinics, clothes, coercion, colonial-settler states, colonialism, colonials, colonized, commoners, conflict, conquests, control, corporate work sites, craniometry, criminal classes, criminal neglect, crusades, cultural genocide, culture studies, Dutch Empire, Eastern religions, elites, empire, environment, eugenics, Europe, European colonialism, European world invasions, Evolution, exterminations, facial features, Fascism, fire, forced sterilization, freedom, French Empire, genetics, genocides, ghettos, global empire, governments, Hellfire, heresy, Hindu coolies, history, holocausts, hospitals, ideology, idolaters, imperial power, imperialism, Indian subcontinent, inferior cultures, inferiority complex, Inquisition, institutions, intellectuals, intelligence quotient, IQ, Islam, Islamic culture, Jesus Christ, kidnapping rings, labor work, laws, legends, Liberalism, liberty, lies, liquidations, Malthusian overpopulation theories, mandatory schooling, mass imprisonment, media conglomerates, medical experimentation, medieval experts, mentally ill, militaries, monotheist ideology, myths, nation, Native genocides, natives, New Christians, New World, nobles, Old Christians, Old World, oppression, orientalism, outfits, phrenology, polygenism, Portuguese Empire, positivism, poverty, power, prisons, privileges, Prohibition, pseudo-sciences, psychobabble, race, race dangers, racial adversaries, racial castes, racial experts, racial laws, racial lies, racial mixtures, racial prohibitions, racial sciences, racialism, racism, reconquered territories, reconquests, religion, religious adversaries, religious traditions, Remedial level classes, restrictive communities, royalty, savages, segregation, self-hatred, servile labor, skin tone, slave plantations, slavery, slaves, social benefits, social control, social Darwinism, social pathologies, social psychology, Spanish Empire, spatial segregation, Special Education, Special Needs students, state criminals, subservience, sword, symbols, taxes, the modern State, the poor, the State, tuition, university preparatory schools, utilitarianism, violence, walled cities, whiteness, World Economic Forum
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Race_Implicit_Biasfaces-racesPhrenology IQEugenics certificateEugenics testingeugenics geneticsrockefeller-eugenicsScienceStudies-BradleyHartracism-scienceEugenics-Nazis-Burden

Certain noxious ideologies just refuse to die, and still, those crazy beliefs continue to spit out some kernel of truth.

Elites condemn them, yet they also greatly believe in them – and even practice some of their sinister arts. The regular people will embrace the ideological hodgepodge for the simple solutions to their hard lives. Meanwhile, these false faiths slowly strangle the last remaining decency from our putrid lives.

Racialism-Eugenics is one such ideology that will probably never fully die in the modern world. The reason is that its origins lie at the excrement of the European colonial empires who had created this dastardly mess, some five hundred years ago.

The first colonial monsters and empires represented the Spanish and the Portuguese invaders. Many racialists like to quote from the founders of modern eugenics, polygenism, craniometry and phrenology, (structural brain differences), but modern racial sciences and eugenics actually birthed from the lies of bad Catholic Christianity.

On the Iberian peninsula during the late 1400s, or the fifteenth-century, the Aragonese, Castilian and Portuguese empires were finishing their ‘reconquests.’ What was this conquest truly about? The Catholic Church ordered a Crusade, or cruzada, against the Muslim invaders of the peninsula, which had taken place during the second decade of the 8th century A.D.

A religious war was in full operation, and not just against the Muslims, or moros, but also against all forms of Christian heresy, called herejes, such as Gnostic Christian churches, and there was also a war against the large Jewish communities found in most cities and towns in the peninsula, called juderías.

As the Christians, representing the Castilians, Aragonese and Portuguese, began to expel the religious enemies of the Church from the peninsula, the royal courts began issuing more restrictive laws and decrees against the religious enemies that stayed within the Iberian peninsula. All the religious communities, meaning the Christians, Muslims and Jews had lived within their own communities, or ghettos. This spatial segregation was already clear even within the Muslim cities on the peninsula.

When the Christians decided to siege an ‘enemy combatant’ city and took it, called toma, the Christian knights usually murdered a bunch of religious enemies unfortunate enough to walk the public streets, and then they turned the main mosque into a cathedral church. They soon forced the religious groups to stay within their own walled communities. Not only did the religious adversaries have to return to their districts at night, but they had to wear distinctive clothes and symbols sown on their outfits, even hats. They lost certain rights, called fueros, such as prohibitions from carrying swords in public, riding horses, attending universities, and the payment of certain taxes. The royal courts hoped these prohibitions would force the Jews and Muslims to convert to Christianity – or leave.

Many adherents did convert publicly to Christianity, others left, and yet some of them actually practiced their old religious beliefs in private, or mixed the old traditions with the new religion.

Once the Christian kingdoms had defeated the last of the Moorish kingdoms on the Iberian peninsula, called Nasrid Granada, on January 2, 1492, the Spanish state was ready for the final stage of its liquidation, or its Christian Crusade against all religious enemies, implying the Moorish Muslims and the Jews, or judios.

Two of the Christian kingdoms on the peninsula had already united into an imperial power, called Las Españas, or the Kingdom of the Spains, comprising Castile, (including the northern Celt-Iberian provinces of Galiza, Asturias, Santander), and Aragon, also including Catalonia and Valencia. There were also the recently reconquered southern, Muslim provinces of Extremadura and Andalucía, which fell under the jurisdiction of Castille.

A hundred years later, this imperial power would later include the kingdoms of Vizcaya, (the Basque Country), the Portuguese empire, and the conquered provinces of the Carib nation, (Las Islas Occidentales), the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, (southern Italy), the Mexica Empire, (Aztec New Spain), the Tahuantinsuyu Empire, (Inca Peru), and the eastern Malay islands on the Pacific, Las Filipinas, or the Philippines, Flandes, the modern Benelux countries, Franche-Comte, (a province in eastern France), and El Ducado de Milano, or the Duchy of Milan in northern Italy.

By the decade of the 1580s, the Kingdom of the Spains transformed into the greatest world empire that human history had ever seen – and even greater than the Mongol empire of the 1240s, because the sun never set on the Spanish imperial flag.

Around hundred years earlier, the 1470s, the Spanish united Christian monarchy, or los reinos cristianos, also introduced the Holy Inquisition in order to uncover, punish and redeem any converted New Christians, or cristianos nuevos, who refused to fully practice the new faith, or that continued to practice the old religious traditions in private. Meanwhile, the royal throne issued full expulsions against any non-Christians that refused to convert: the Jews in 1492 and the Muslims in 1609.

With the danger of New Christians inside the Empire, the Spanish Inquisition developed a pseudo-scientific system for better surveillance, control, arrest and even physical extermination of the potential threats, called, limpieza de sangre, or blood cleanliness. According to those medieval experts, blood poisoning spread through mothers giving breast milk to their babies. The Spanish Catholic Church had found a new obsession with saving babies from poisoned heretical mother’s milk!

The inquisitors believed that people who had practiced un-Christian religions had then permanently poisoned their own blood-breast milk through religious heresy. Christianity has always had obsessions with blood and fire, in the case of the Holy Blood of Jesus on the Cross, and the Lake of Fire Hell in the Apocalypse for non-believers of the Christian religion.

The first racial division of modern history represented the religious divide between Old Christians who kept the true Catholic Christian faith, (and yet did not go over to the Protestant heresy in the later decades), and the New Christians, recent converts to Christianity, from the Jewish and Muslim faiths.

The first realm of religious enemies represented the pagan idolaters, (inclusive of the eastern religions, such as Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, Taoists and Confucians), who if conquered through a Crusade or Holy War, had to convert to Christianity, with persuasion, or more than likely, with the sword, fire, and chains of violence.

The second group of adversaries were the other monotheist apostates, such as Jews and Muslims.

The most dangerous ones, or the religious terrorists in those days, were the heretics, or simply the Christians that refused to conform to Catholic doctrine and practice, such as the Gnostics, called alumbrados, the various Protestant sects, non-Catholic Orthodox, and the excommunicated Churches of the East, such as the Nestorians, Assyrians, Mandaeans and Copts.

As the Spanish Empire conquered new lands in the Americas, or the western hemisphere of the Earth, it needed cheap and servile labor for their plantation and cattle economies. Its enemies on two continents, the Western Hemisphere, or the Americas, and in Africa, were both pagan idolaters. If noble natives and Africans converted to Christianity, then they received noble privileges, such as carrying weapons, riding horses, wearing aristocratic European clothes and not having to work or pay taxes for a living.

If these former idolaters were commoners, and even if they converted to Catholic Christianity, they still could not receive any noble privileges, while they had to work for noble and wealthy Spanish colonials. During the decade of the 1580s in the Americas, Spanish colonials referred to these New Christian, darker skinned, native-African mixes as castas, or as racial castes.

Through the practices of the Spanish-Portuguese Empires, race had transformed into its modern, perverted, helter-skelter dimensions: internal population enemies dominated through the Nation-State, the losers of European colonial invasions and genocides, concern over a poisoned blood-gene pool, facial phenotypes, and low socio-economic status.

This is the true conception of the modern ideology of racialism, including its later variants of scientific racialism, positivism, utilitarianism, Malthusian overpopulation theories, prohibition against illegal drugs, social Darwinism, polygenism, craniometry, phrenology, eugenics, anthropology-culture studies, psychobabble and IQ, or Intelligence Quotient.

Racialism-Eugenics has existed as an important ideology in the maintenance of earlier colonial power relations, while it has instituted sophisticated social controls within contemporary society. It has become the state religion for most European nations and for all European colonial-settler states. This ideology defends the European sponsored imperial genocides against Natives, Africans and Asians, or against whatever non-European inferior cultures.

Racialism-Eugenics has further served as a bulwark for continual mass imprisonment and police murder against the poor inside of the ‘non-white’ population base. Most dreadfully, this pseudo-doctrine with its state institutional supports has enabled a type of self-hatred and inferiority complex within the targeted, darker people.

As the Afro-revolutionary Franz Fanon wrote, the colonized or ex-colonized must not only fight the actual oppressors and state criminals, but also has to acknowledge the demons of doubt and subservience within him or herself.

This fetid belief system would also move on to even greater societal targets: the poor in general regardless of color, the ‘criminal element,’ and the mentally ill. The sociopathic ideology still murders it potential victims and has destroyed millions of lives up to this actual day.

It now hides its evil works through various contemporary institutions: the mental hospital-social services clinic, the prison, and mandatory state schooling segregation, such as Special Education, Special Needs and Remedial Level Classes.

Let us continue to expose its sordid and covert history of institutional violence. As European settler-colonialism engaged in even more genocidal wars and slavery operations, the same race oil-grease to the imperial engines began to work on its own. The Spanish colonial masters developed over 64 different racial caste distinctions between white Spanish and the Native and African racial shades. We still use some of their racial terms today: mulato, negro, marron, mestizo, zambo, coyote and lobo.

As the 18th century, or the 1700s, continued, all the European colonial powers: Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English, French and Danish developed the solid concept of ‘whiteness’ versus the supposed, darker scum of humanity: African slaves, Indian, (meaning American), savages and Hindu coolies, (in the India Subcontinent or South Asia).

During the 19th century, or the 1800s, European racialism took on a more ‘scientific’ or positivistic flair. Suddenly, a whole slew of European and European-American intellectuals, (too many to list in this essay), began to formulate philosophical-scientific theories on race, nation, culture, genetics, environment and brain-skull size.

Within all of these racialist theories there emerged our modern surrogate ideologies-sciences of Natural Evolution, Nationalism, Social Darwinism, Liberalism, Utilitarianism, Anthropology, Positivism, Social Psychology, or (social criminality-mental illness), Genetics, and the most violent and sinister of them all – Eugenics.

By the 20th century, Eugenics became the complete science in uncovering the true nature of the poly genetic races, blood poisoning, the elimination of skin color, the understanding of inferior beings, social pathologies, such as containment of the poor, the criminal elements, and the disposal of the mentally ill. In all the European nations and the European run colonial-settler states, from the United States to Australia to Canada to South Africa to every dictator pest in Latin America, state institutional policy supported a heavy defensive and offensive system against the internal-external race dangers.

The infernal methods against the rotten inferior beasts included outright physical genocide and mass imprisonment-forced slavery. Meanwhile, state actors forced kidnapping rings and mandatory schooling for Native children, inclusive of cultural genocide. Medical ‘professionals’ encouraged scientific experiments on host populations and forced sterilization against targeted women. Banking magnates allowed segregation of inferior groups within ghettos or within urban poverty zones, while the state denied any social benefits towards lower class recipients. In a sense, ‘the white-elite state’ hoped that the inferior breeds of half-humans would die out. The earlier over-population theories of Malthus became popular once again, and the European homegrown ideology of Fascism would put the final touches on the Racialist-Eugenics pseudo-science.

Up to our actual time, the ideologies of anthropology, liberalism, natural selection, social psychology, psychobabble, genetics and IQ have desperately tried to hide their racialist-eugenics past lives. This essay serves to expose the truth to all Anarchists, and to whomever else, about one of the world’s more vile ideological monsters.

American universities no longer have Eugenics studies, but this does not mean that the elites, who control our contemporary existence, do not believe in such theories. They still adhere to them, and this is the reason they send their children to highly segregated, university prep schools, where their fellow elites attend, and where very few of the racial vermin, poor, and criminal underclass will also attend – and where they definitely cannot afford the tuition.

This perverted-genocidal ideology and pseudo-science is still very much alive, both within the closed discussions and secretive meetings of world elites, such as Bilderberg and the World Economic Forum, and within the all of our contemporary institutions of social control: schools, corporate work sites, prisons, militaries, governments, media conglomerates and bureaucracies.

As long as the modern state maintains its rights to commit heinous crimes, so this ideology will continue to ooze its infections, and putrefy our lives and culture.

 

 

 

 

 

Latin America: Hangs the Ghost of the Colonial Casta

Posted: June 3, 2014 in advertising, Afro-Argentines, Amerikan embassy, Argentina, Auracanians, barbaros, begging, boticas, Brazil, brutality, Buenos Aires, campesinos, cargo ships, cash crop plantations, castas, catastrophes, Chaco, Chile, cinema, Colombia, colonial violence, colonialism, colonies, corruption, criminality, cruelty, destruction, dictatorial government, Dirty War against subversives, disappearances, diseases, Dominican Republic, economic elites, elites, epidemics, eugenics, European immigration, Europeans, export crops, extermination, extremes of wealth, forced work schemes, General Roca, golpes de estado, Guatemala, indigenous, indios, institutional murders, jefes, kidnapped Africans, latifundias, Latin America, Latinization, Laws of the Indies, legal precedents, Lima, Mapuches, mass graves, mass murder, megalopolis, mestizos, Mexico, Mexico City, military forces, mines, misery, murder, narcos, native farmers, Native nations, nineteenth-century, obrajes, outbreaks, Pampa, Paraguay, paramilitaries, parasites, Patagonia, police forces, political bosses, political-economic system, poor populations, Portuguese, poverty, prisons, publicity, race, racial apartheid, racialism, republican period, self-hatred, selling off natural resources, skin lightening creams, slave system, slavery, slow genocide, social class, Spanish, state crime, street crime, subjects, tango, telenovelas, the land, urbanization, Uruguay, vendepatrias, Venezuela, War of the Desert, War of the Triple Alliance, whitening
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castapainting mestizocolonial casta paintingPorfirio Diaz pre skin lighteningDictador porfirio-diaz post skin lighteninggenocidios de nativosGeneral Julio RocaPresidente Juan Manuel SantosFOX

I remember arriving as a doctoral student researcher while visiting one of Latin America’s megalopolis capitals. This particular time it was Mexico City, or el DF, as they called it in Mexico. This gran metropolis also had a more notorious name, el ‘Monstruo,’ the Monster. It was, and definitely still is, a Monster, both in actual size and in population count.

Seeing the octopus urbanization from the plane, while landing onto the airport strip, was a shocking sight. The aerial vision portrayed brown-yellow vomit chunks from an ancient Aztec God. The whole mess represented a massive urban polis filled with hodgepodges of grey-black conglomerations, connected by various mini megalopolises of construction sites and twisting roads. The traffic never seemed to stop.

Squatters had previously built ramshackle houses of concrete cinder blocks and alloy metal roofs along the mountains and hills, and surrounding those harsh pits of humanity were a few ominous brown volcanoes in the far distance.

Only three hundred years ago, this city of 150,000 people had a massive blue lake around it. The city possessed as many canals as streets. Residents proudly called Mexico City the Venice of the Americas. But now, Lake Texcoco is almost completely dried up. Throughout the centuries, the city’s colonial ‘authorities’ murdered the surrounding lake beds and canals due to the incessant flooding during the rainy seasons. The dirty grey and black water floods still come in the late summer however. They will never leave.

Latin America’s melancholic past has included some horrifying stories and incidents. The long list comprises state sponsored genocides, impregnable state corruption, military-executioner honchos, killer narcos, paramilitary murderers on the prowl, murderous destruction of natural resources for easy gain, ‘vendepatrias,’ or politicians that sell out their people to the Amerikan Embassy, prison infernos, mass murders of ‘campesinos,’ or farmers.

Such historical accounts can never forget the institutional murders, or disappearances, against journalists and activists, with the terrible poverty, extremes of wealth between the mostly poor population and the few rich people. All across Latin America grows incessant misery, aggressive begging, common criminality, police state cruelty, and street riots with dead bodies lying around – with those infamous ‘golpes de estados,’ or coup d’états. Why has Latin America continually suffered from such diseases and terrible outbreaks? Even the revolutionary Simon Bolivar predicted such catastrophes for the Americas.

The reason for all of this daily terrorism and institutional violence has been due to three hundred years of Iberian colonialism. The worst forms of this colonialist violence moved in three stages: political-economic, legal, and racial. The most heinous actions of its colonial crimes represented its racial codes, or as they stated some three hundred years ago, ‘castas,’ or racial castes.

The Latin colonial systems, representing mostly the Spanish and the Portuguese, managed their ‘colonies’ as privileged economic districts for investment. They had maintained a massive slave worker-forced laborer system on export crop plantations, such as sugar. Slaves also worked inside linen factories, called ‘obrajes’ in Spanish, and in gold and silver mines.

During the colonial period, most native farmers did not fall into these slave systems – but other unfortunates did. This was especially true for many Africans, first kidnapped from their home continent, next brought over on cargo ships, later worked to death as slaves in the Americas.

The colonial powers taxed and heavily legislated against all of their subjects, whether Europeans, natives or African-Americans. These colonial codes had the names of the Laws of the Indies. The colonial authorities even legislated the style of clothes and jewelry wearing depending on social class status. Most colonial subjects ignored those laws, but the system had already set a bad legal precedent.

This violent colonial system tried to keep separated laws, dress codes, neighborhoods, religious confraternities, or brotherhoods, guilds and churches depending on social class and racial status. The Latin colonial authorities of the Americas had created the classical, racist Apartheid system. By the 1600s, the Spanish referred to it as, ‘mandamientos a las castas,’ or rules relegating the racial castes.

During the eighteenth-century, the 1700s, the only legal outlet for a casta person was to become ‘Latinized,’ speaking the language well, dressing well and having a good economic social position. The racial caste person could then receive an officially, royally stamped ‘certificate of whiteness.’

Three hundred years of this racial apartheid still infects the minds of millions of Latin Americans. It was not as bad as the actual US institutional racism-prison industrial complex against African-Americans; but like all forms of racialism, it was mentally and institutionally brutal nonetheless.

This particular colonial caste system created a terminal germ of self-hatred that still eats out the brains of many Latin American people, and especially the political-economic elites. Latin America can never achieve its long desired freedom and dignity as long as the bacillus parasites of self-hating ‘politicos,’ or politicians, gorges the insides of Latin America’s soul.

After spending some months living and researching in Mexico City, I began to notice daily and common annoyances concerning the adverts on the subway platforms, inside the metro cars, and on the billboards around the city. I also spotted similar issues on the ‘telenovelas,’ or Latin American soap operas, and on the stupid gossip and slapstick shows so ubiquitous to Latin American bad television.

Most of the presenters, actors, faces, images were of European looking people. It was impossible to find an indigenous face on any public program or advert. I found this especially strange inside particularly large national capitals, such as Mexico City and Lima. A majority of the people who live in such capitals are mestizo, a colonial caste denomination representing a mixture of an indigenous native and a European. Were there any actual mestizo faces on advertising and television?

I also noticed this problem in the cinema. It was still hard to find mestizo and indigenous faces on the screens. Visiting the many ‘boticas,’ or pharmacies in the cities, I perceived that one of the greatest scam businesses in the continent has represented the selling of skin lightening creams.

Dictator-murderers in Latin American history, such as Porfirio Diaz and Rafael Trujillo were regular users of such salves. Other Latin American corrupt bosses and dictators also seemed to have dipped into the magical Euro face ointments, such as Juan Manual Santos of Columbia and Vicente Fox of Mexico.

During the late nineteenth-century and early twentieth-century, eugenics became the rage of European and North American political-economic elites. Latin America also had its eugenics supporters during the same period. Why do the southern cone countries of southern Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Chile have so many European looking citizens walking around its loud and dirty streets?

During the late nineteenth-century, the dictatorial governments of those countries had opened up ‘their lands’ to a massive European immigration scheme. They desperately wanted to whiten their countries from the shame of their indigenous and Afro-Latino communities. These ‘jefes,’ or state bosses, had hoped that a legion of Nordic Vikings and Germanic rune masters would settle ‘their continent’ and save the lazy, racially putrid Latin America from itself. Argentina received the bulk of this desired group.

Unfortunately for the Latino Euro-fakers, the majority of the immigrants were more from the Southern and Eastern European varieties, and there were also Arabs, Asians, and even Ashkenazi Jews that mixed into the newer white crowd. The Argentine generals would finish off some of the more dangerous elements of this mixed group during their genocide of the 1970s, called the Dirty War against Subversives.

Argentina, the whitest country in Latin America, (actually Uruguay and Chile together), has had its recent, ‘republican’ history replete with genocides. The corrupt kingpins in power first moved their racial genocide against the large Afro-Argentine community. At one time, they were about 30% of the population like Venezuela today. The Argentine Buenos Aires junta, which ran the ‘National Army,’ (under President Mitre), forced all Afro-Argentines to fight in the numerous wars of Argentina.

The most brutal war in Modern Latin American history was the War of the Triple Alliance in the middle part of the 1800s: Argentina, Imperial Brazil and Uruguay against Paraguay. Thousands of Afro-Argentinian men lost their lives for such a bogus war, and the general thugs simply buried the Afro-soldiers in mass graves located around central Buenos Aires. The historical grave sites don’t exist anymore.

The whitest countries of Latin American had almost exterminated the entire male population of the great Guarani-Mestizo Republic of Paraguay. Paraguay has still not recovered to this present day. This system of slow genocide continued well into the infamous War of the Desert in the latter part of the nineteenth-century.

The Afro-Argentine survivors would also die from recurrent outbreaks of cholera and yellow fever epidemics in their rat infested neighborhoods. The governments did nothing to help such poor people. The politicians felt good about the results. Now, only a few Afro-Argentines have survived, and their only cultural expressions live in the tango dance culture, and in Uruguayan Carnival.

The most heinous Argentinian genocide was the War of the Desert. General Julio Roca with a large Afro-Argentine and mestizo gaucho, or cowboy army, marched on the warpath to finally exterminate the recalcitrant barbarian ‘indios,’ or natives, in the Patagonia south, the Pampa central region, and the Gran Chaco north. In the south he tried to exterminate the great warrior nation of the Araucanians, or the Mapuches. The Mapuches have been continually fighting against colonialism and neocolonialism until this very day – mostly against the white Chilean crooks in Santiago.

Unfortunately, these state thugs had Winchester rifles, which worked marvelously in exterminating men, women and children. They successfully murdered tens of thousands of natives. There were also those European transplanted epidemics, which had already decimated the native nations. The actual killing figure is still unknown. General Roca had his name immortalized with pigeon shit statues around the country and his ugly mug on almost worthless bank notes.

As long as this sordid history retains the covers of pathetic lies and deadly omissions, then Latin America will continue to suffer the farce and absurdity of the bad life and the bad death. Argentina is not the only Latin American nation guilty of racialism and genocide. For example, Guatemala tried to do a similar racial liquidation program against the Mayan nation during the 1980s, further supported by the US government. Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela also tried their hands at such evil, racially incited, murderous practices.

Latin America will probably never be able to redeem its mind and soul from such an abusive history. But the true roots and holy souls of Latin America do not exist in London, Paris, Berlin or even in Miami, they continue to breathe inside the sacred earth, the medicinal plants, the powerful legends, the ancient gods, and those sacred native languages. Only in tortured Paraguay is the native language of Guarani one of its national tongues. And only a return to these sacrosanct cultures can ultimately transform the continent.