Archive for the ‘slave owners’ Category

Worlds of Pharmakopeia IV: Tobacco, Euro-Colonialism Murders another Native Plant

Posted: November 10, 2014 in absurdity, addictions, advertising, Africa, African slaves, agriculture, American colonialism, American plantation killing centers, American slavery, anti-smoking legislation, anti-tobacco coalitions, aristocratic lords, Asia, ATF, Atlantic Ocean, Black Gold, botany, Bresil, burning, cancers, cannabis, capital, capitalism, Caribbean Sea, chemical adulteration, chemical-industrial surgery, chemicals, chewing, Christian anti-smoking groups, cigarette packs, cigars, climate, coffee, colonial markets, colonial monopolies, colonial penetration, colonialism, commodities, commodity fetishes, contrabandists, coolness, corporate health care costs, corporate patents, corporate taxes, coughs, credit, crops, Cuba, cultivation, cultural activities, cultural associations, cultural life, cultural links, culture, death, drink, drugs, elite consumption, elites, emphysema, empire, empires, Euro-american civilization, Europe, European aristocrats, European civlization, European colonialism, European empires, European imperialism, European invaders, European monarchies, export commodities, factories, factory work, fashion, flora diversity, food, freedom, fumes, fuming poisons, gardens, genocide, gentlemen, Glasgow, habit, hatred, health, history, Hollywood, human condition under civilization, imperialism, imprisonment, Industrial Capitalism, inhalation-exhalation, intoxication, investors, Jamaica, kidnapping, kiosks, labor, landed estates, laws, leaves, legal crime, legal criminality, legal theft, manufacture, mass murder, media manipulation, medical experts, Mercantile Capitalism, metropolitan markets, Mexico City, missionaries, mode, monopolies, murder, natives, new women, newspapers, nicotine, official medicine, ownership, papers, pastes, penal slavery, pipes, plantation slavery, planters, plants, playing cards, power, private property rights, processing, production, profit, public education school administrators, publicity, puffing, punk musicians, rebellion, refinement, rock musicians, royal companies, royal monopolies, self-proclaimed owners, sensuality, Sevilla, sexual fetishes, shaving, shipping, slave owners, slavery, slaves, smoke, smokers, smoking, smoking breaks, smoking jackets, smoking parlors, snuff, social parasites, soil, sugar, tea, the Americas, the body, the modern State, the modern world, the State, tobacco, tobacco industry, tobacco lords, tobacco shops, transporting, urban life, US government war against tobacco, Virginia Tidewater Plantation, war, war against working class smokers, weight, weight control, women models, work, work to death, workers, world history
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Natives with community pipetobacco-native-ceremonytobacco fields Columbus invades, tobacco crosses watersEuropeans inhale tobaccotobacco plantation workerscured and dried tobacco1670_virginia_tobacco_slavesmercantile capitalism - markets and slaveryGalleon_transport of slaves and commoditiestobacco-plantation-granger w_slavestobacco plantation with African slavesHollywood smoking Robert Mitchummodels smokingrush_limbaugh_cigarGNR Slash smoking and axeing

Only in our evil, modern world do native flora varieties arouse such enduring hatreds.

There still exist the sick hatreds against cannabis sativa, psilocybe semilanceata, erythroxylum coca, and there is one plant that receives the coveted prize in pure hate, nicotiana tabacum.

What is so strange about this hatred is that this same plant was integrally important for European colonialism and industrial capitalism in world history. European and Euro-American civilizations could not have progressed as they did without the native american gift of tobacco plantations, working slave labor to death, and then, the tobacco processing, factory work, building even larger ships, international marketing and sophisticated advertising.

How did such an enjoyable American plant associated with native community peace, and smoked through pastes, leaves, hand-made pipes and even chewed, transform into such a European commodity fetish under global capitalism?

Nicotiana tabacum was once a naturally growing, medicinal and spiritual plant for America’s native nations. European colonial invaders, investors, and murderers transformed the plant into an export drug of commodity for elite consumption under the inexhaustible profit-making schemes of capitalism.

Columbus and his invading men did not just murder, imprison and sell native slaves on the island of Cuba during the 1490s. They also spotted some, ‘naked’ Carib natives smoking a herb placed in some leaves. The scent was quite intoxicating and the natives seemed to enjoy the community based smoke. They did not inhale, yet the effect of the plant was calming after they had eaten some fresh, delicious food, and the herb even had a sensual effect on the smokers. The European imperial-colonial invaders found another gift.

They stole the native plants from the Caribbean islands and transported them to Europe. The Europeans took a peculiar liking to them. In the 1500s, the Portuguese colonial invaders in the Americas, called Bresil, began to cultivate the native crop. It seemed to grow well in sub-tropical and tropical climates. When introduced into European aristocratic, social-parasite gardens inside of the great landed estates, tobacco plants sprouted quite well. Tobacco could also grow in mild, temperate, oceanic climates. The European elites were on to something.

During the seventeenth-century, some monarchs, political thugs and tyrants began to hate the plant. King James Stuart of England, Sultan Ammurath IV of Ottoman Turkey, and Czar Mikhail Romanov of Russia, represented some of the anti-tobacco elite crowd, while Pope Urban VIII actually had a papal bull written against the plant in the 1640s.

Yet the European colonial empires of Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands and Portugal had succumbed to the gods of capital. Each empire set up their own royal monopolies for the plant. The annoying question was where to grab the labor in order to work long hours in the hot sun: picking, drying, curing and transporting the leaves. The Europeans had made themselves the self-proclaimed owners of nicotine tabacum, so at first, they used local penal labor to work them to death in order to enrich the tobacco lords or planters. Where could one find a continual supply of slave labor?

An even greater economic windfall emerged through such an American cultivation – the theft of human chattel, or the kidnapping, murder, transporting and working to death of African slaves.

The Portuguese had first established their monopoly of the Blackened Brown Gold during the late sixteenth-century and early seventeenth-century, (about 1560-1660). Due to the importance of such American export plantation crops, such as tobacco, the English, Dutch, (the Netherlands), and the French established their own ‘African’ slave monopolies. A plant associated with community peace and enjoyment, took on the ominous tones of legal crime, kidnapping, imprisonment, mass murder, genocide and working people to death. Tobacco actually helped birth mercantile capitalism.

Mercantile Capitalism implied royal European controls of an export commodity, such as tobacco, sugar, coffee, tea, chocolate, salt and kidnapped African slaves, while it established permanent credit to slave plantation owners in order for them to purchase a continual supply of Africans and other penal slaves, (the European looking, or white ones). The American plantation-slave owners and European tobacco traders-ship investors made their profits through inflated price sales in the home or European metropolitan markets.

Meanwhile, European navies and missionaries tried to open greater markets for the American products in the Asian continents. Slowly, nicotine snuff and tobacco smoking had spread into the Islamic world culture, then Persia-Iran, the Indian sub-continent, Central Asia and ultimately into the Far East, China and even Japan.

In the eighteenth-century, the European tobacco manufacturers developed the smaller ‘cigarette’ varieties, and for those that preferred to chew, snuff boxes. All of this cigarette finery was for elite European consumption.

Elaborate, silver inlaid snuff boxes entered the world of fashion conscious, French aristocratic-parasite bums. In Britain, gentlemen established new cultural activities, fashions and spaces besides fencing, hunting, dances, card games, tea and reading – the smoking parlor with the smoking jacket.

A good tobacco smoke was always perfect after a good meal, with some intoxicating liquor or with some fine coffee. European grifters-Latin lovers, such as the Venetian, Giacomo Casanova, also took up the habit, and so tobacco grabbed some important cultural associations within European culture: sensuality, refinement, power and a coolness under pressure.

Most importantly, King Tobacco had changed the colonial-metropolitan relationships. The Scottish Tobacco Lords transformed the city of Glasgow into the premier tobacco import-export port. These same ‘lords’ would build their mini castles along Jamaica and Virginia Streets.

Those same streets had the infamous names of the most infernal, African slave killing centers in world history.

Virginia, once a colonial outpost of disease and hardship, had become the British Empire’s premier, tobacco plantation colony on the Tidewater during the 1700s. Is it any wonder that most of America’s revolutionary founders came from this proud plantation region made rich through the marvelous drug of tobacco?

During the same eighteenth-century, the Spanish colonial authorities had established the first urban factory for cigar-cigarette paper rolling and export packaging in Mexico City. Earlier, the Spanish had established the city of Seville as the premier processing center for cigars. For over a century in colonial Spanish America, and well before Metropolitan Europe, both men and women had been openly smoking tobacco cigarettes on the public streets. American fashion and prominence had come to Europe – mainly through the marvelous and medicinal herb of nicotiana tabacum.

Throughout the nineteenth-century, the 1800s, tobacco manufacturers had developed better technology in curing and rolling for three particular products: cigars, cigarettes, (blond and black versions), and chewable snuff.

The first tobacco companies consolidated themselves, while they competed with each other for the monopoly share of the smokers and chewers’ markets. This modern tobacco industry also encouraged the adulteration of tobacco through chemical engineering in order to hold their monopolies. Tobacco products even had molasses, rum, opium or honey mixed into the final product.

Tobacco eventually became part of modern, European and Euro-American cultural life. Royalty, lazy aristos, middle class-respectable clerks, and working class dock workers took up the smoking habit. The problem was that many of the men inhaled the nicotine fumes. Certain political-economic elites, Women Christian Temperance clubs and health workers noticed the persistent coughs of regular smokers. The modern anti-smoking movement had begun.

Meanwhile, tobacco shops and kiosks became one of the standard sights found on most city streets around the world, and where they also featured other items for sale, such as newspapers, books, shaving kits, pipes, rolling papers, pen knives, board games and playing cards.

In the twentieth-century, the 1900s, the tobacco industry transformed the world of advertising and mass marketing. A few tobacco monopolies had controlled the sale of ‘cigarette packs” and they made fortunes on the drug.

Smoking found associations with soldiers during World War I and for most wars afterwards. In the 1920s, cigarette companies targeted their advertising to the ‘new woman,’ thanks to the propaganda genius of the Austrian-American, Edward Bernays. Hollywood’s golden age featured most of their stars regularly smoking the sacred plant. Can anyone forget the famous pictures of Humphrey Bogart and James Dean without cigarettes dangling from their mouths?

While tobacco use seemed to sell exponentially – and especially in Asia, the anti-smoking forces mercilessly attacked the drug. Medical experts exposed the correlations between nicotine use and cancer, emphysema and other incurable maladies.

An anti-smoking coalition emerged. This motley prohibitionist group included family survivors of smokers who had died bad deaths, medical professionals, public education school administrators, and Christian religious groups,. Political-economic elites also joined their ranks, since they wanted better workers not taking so many smoking breaks, inclusive of less corporate health care costs.

Tobacco prohibitionists began to push for greater anti-smoking legislation. By the 1980s, they had succeeded in seizing the State.

In some urban cities in the United States, smoking is highly expensive, heavily taxed, and there are petty, minute federal, state and municipal laws that dictate where a person can or cannot smoke in public. Any street vendor trying to sell cheap cigarettes from another state, now has the felon tag of a ‘contrabandist,’ and can end up in prison or even have the cops murder him. The US government has a well-armed regulatory agency against tobacco, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, or the ATF, and so the US government has declared another war – this time against tobacco.

Yet, millions of young women, and especially models, smoke tobacco in order to help them not gain weight. Rock artists, punk musicians and other fringe artists regularly flaunt the burning cigarette in the mouth while they play their guitars brutally. Even some right-wing political activists have proudly taken the puff. The cigarette has its own sexual fetishes, and due to the US government’s war against it, now has associations with rebellion and freedom.

The history of nicotiana tabacum shows us once again, the absurdity of the human condition under civilization. A plant that once helped natives in the Americas ensure community peace and unions through the spiritual worlds, has undergone a terrible and irreversible chemical-medical-industrial-state regulated surgery.

European colonial elites had imposed this condition. They did this without the consent of the native victims of their genocides. The addictive desires for naked profits enabled another genocide against kidnapped Africans.

Most assiduously, certain corporations have claimed their own patents or imposed ‘ownership,’ on this natural plant, while they have mixed harmful chemicals into the industrial melting pot, creating a type of fuming poison. Finally, the contemporary State, ruled and administered by shameless sociopaths, constantly devises sinister means in punishing the working class smokers of the drug.

Tobacco was never the original enemy to stamp out. The sinister legacies of our European colonial settler states, once again, carry all the historical blame.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anarcho-Historian Lesson #9: Predating Fascism, Settler-Colonial Racialism

Posted: June 24, 2014 in Africans, Afrikaners, animal husbandry, Atlantic Slave Trade, Bacon's Rebellion, blackness, bodily fluids, Boers, Brazil, brutality, capture, chattle slaves, coerced labor, Colombia, colonial cities, colonial violence, colonial-settler states, colonialism, colonies, crime, cruelty, cultural identity, death camps, Dutch West Indian Empire, eighteenth-century, escaped terrorists, Euro-American elites, European colonialism, extermination, false science, Fascism, First British Empire, First French Empire, genocide, ghettos, holocausts, homicidal plantation labor, honorary white status, hunting, injustice, internal enemies, intolerance, Jamaica, jungle, kidnapping, knowledge, liquidation, lower classes, maroon terrorists, maroons, mass murder, murder, nation, Native nations, Nederlands, neo-colonial empire, neo-colonialism, Netherlands, plunder, Portuguese Empire, prison, race, racial castes, racial characteristics, racial hierarchies, racial oppression, racial others, racial terminologies, racialism, racism, rainforests, rape, religious heterodoxy, rotting corpses, Saint-Domingue, separated quarters, settlers, seventeenth-century, silver and gold, slave owners, slavery, slaves, social control, social enemies, South America, Spain, Spanish Empire, state-colonial terrorism, stealing, sugar cane plantations, sugar planters, Suriname, theft, torture, Virginia Plantation, war, white skin privileges, whiteness, worked to death
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Plantation house SurinameTorture of Africans SurinameMaroonslave labor SurinameDutch slave tradersSlaves in Surinamesuriname maroonsColonial genocideSlave dance surinameslave rebellion Suriname

In our lives, often the most insidious and nefarious acts have veiled themselves through pleasant speech and professionalized knowledge.

It was an unbearable summer. But the summer never ended. The date was even hazy. Was it the 1670s, or 80s, or was it just another sinister date during that horrid and unjust seventeenth-century, the 1600s? The area, or land mass was even worse. The general environment represented northern South America, called the Brasil, as was the name of infamy during those brutal days.

The wetness, the humid hells of salted mists, the mosquitos, the larvae; green mush, thick undergrowth of respiratory ill forest, bird chirping mania, bizarre monster fishes, jungle vines that camouflaged themselves as snakes, while the infernal, humongous snakes did vice versa; man-eating plants, African, overworked fetid corpses eaten alive in the turbid watery streams – and here the Dutch planted their colonial vomit representing the grand West Indian Empire.

The Dutch, or the Netherlands’ West Indian Empire had previously invaded the area in the 1630s. The European madmen attacked and murdered even more natives that had lived on the coast, and then constructed the slave-owning, mass-murdering, extermination plantations that held thousands of kidnapped Africans, called the Suriname colony.

The Dutch wanted to outdo the other evil African slave empires: the Portuguese in Brazil, the English in Jamaica, the Spanish in northern Colombia, called Nueva Granada, and the French, in Saint Domingue, now called Haiti. The Dutch would share their prize with the Portuguese in African genocide memoria. During the 1700s, the English and the French Empires would contribute their own arts in the holy mass murder of Africans. Sugar was the white gold back then, and the Europeans needed any available victims to do the homicidal plantation labor. Kidnapped Africans would obviously do.

Historical irony of ironies, some of the Dutch colonial descendants, which had also settled in the southern Cape of Africa during the same seventeenth-century, would later concoct the Apartheid regime of the 1940s. These old ‘Boers,’ mixed with hardcore French ‘Huguenot’ Evangelical Protestants, spoke a dialect of Nederlands called ‘Afrikaner.’ And they called themselves, the ‘white tribe’ of Africa.

While the Dutch worked their African slaves into the watery, pestilent graves throughout the sugar cane death camps, many Africans had literally fled for their lives. They became the ‘maroons,’ or the escaped free people who lived in the jungle, and they even formed their own communities of resistance. Suriname had the most African corpses through overwork, and the worst recurring outbreaks of dangerous, terrorist maroon communities respiring in the jungle bush. The Dutch colonialists tried to exterminate the maroons militarily, and when that didn’t work, they made military alliances with the maroon leaders in recognizing their freedom. In turn, the maroon ‘leaders’ had to deliver any escaped Africans back to the Europeans.

This was the trap. The Europeans wanted the maroons captured and murdered too. They were dangerous examples of the human quest for freedom and dignity, so the maroon communities had no other choices, but resistance. The Dutch needed a special military force to ultimately subdue the demon looking terrorists inside the thick and putrid jungle. In the late 1600s, they had found the perfect terminator. One man of hateful destiny rose to the occasion.

The man of the hour was an African, but there was something different in the breed. He possessed a pretty large build, and he wore a permanent lip and cheek scowl on his nasty face. His head even had the shape of a club used to pummel enemies into comas. He also dressed himself in the impeccable style of colonial Europeans in the bush: leather brown boots, military infantry breeches, blouse shirt, vest, and doubloon jacket. He was proficient in the both the short sabre and in the breach burning musket. He spoke decent Nederlands. This colonial buffoon-monstrosity seized the day.

He gathered together a band of African slaves and freemen, ‘Creole’ mulattos, (mixed raced of Europeans and Africans), mestizo, (mixed race of Euro and Indian), trackers, various ‘racialized’ misfits and some low eating fruit on the ‘white’ or Dutch social totem. The gang entered the haunted labyrinth of forest and hunted down the maroon menace. They worked with great success. They would live in the jungle for months at a time, and many of his paid assassins died their own horrible deaths out there in the humid monstrosities. The rainforest offered no relief for anyone.

This group of state-colonial terrorists murdered whole African maroon families, and they even captured some escaped slaves and poor natives that happened to find their way into the bloodshed. Slave owners were happy to recoup their investments and the maroon hunters could sell the native slaves for some extra capital. This slave hunting leader also dealt cruel and heinous blows to the maroon holdouts. He used every torture imaginable, including the cutting off human skin from muscle tissue and bone, called flaying in those days.

Some time later, the Dutch colonial authorities decided to honor the African murderer and torturer of escaped slave terrorists. In the bug infested, mud hole streets, and rotten wood-hut colonial capital of Suriname, the governor with all the local slave owners, sugar planters and military men presented, stood at informal attention. The Dutch governor presented the honored killer with a metallic necklace, (with a royally engraved seal), of phony silver and gold. He thereby pronounced ‘honorary white status’ on the African slave hunter. This African had truly rose in the ranks and his once ugly facial scowl had transformed into a peculiar mix of power, freedom and hatred. He only wanted to return to the tropical maze and do some more ‘hunting.’

About three hundred years later, an Afro-diaspora, (African from the Americas), intellectual, Aimé Césaire, wrote that the real reason the Euro-American elites hated Adolf Hitler with such fury was due to the fact that Hitler preferred to murder fellow Europeans, rather than the ‘others.’ The others represented Native nations and the kidnapped Africans worked to death in the American death camp plantations.

For hundreds of years, the Europeans murdered millions of Natives and African with full legal impunity. As far as I know, there are still no holocaust museums commemorating all of those millions of deaths. Some of those mass murderers even have public holidays named after them, like Columbus, and others have towns, installations, cities, regions, parks, and statues in their honor, while their faces have stamps on dirty bank notes, such as Cortes, Carson, Pizarro, Jackson, Valdivia, Custer, Coronado, Leon, Mendoza, Cartier and Raleigh.

Predating Fascism there was European Colonialism. Fascism would have never birthed its hate and murder on the European continent without the rancid history of European invasions, social controls and legal crimes all associated with the colonial enterprise.

The Crusades and the Inquisition had previously entered the realm of European history before colonialism, but colonialism took all of those evil foundations, war and intolerance, and they transformed those actions into some horrid thing that was terrifyingly odious.

The colonial project, first instituted in the Americas, used two sinister and distinctive methods of social control. First, the colonial invaders did not just invade, murder and plunder. They stayed and ‘settled’ in the lands. They had exterminated the cultures that had previously lived in those parts of the world. The European colonial powers then populated the scorched lands of liquidation with colonists, or settlers, to live in the native places. At first, the colonial elites treated the lower class European settlers as slaves and as inferiors. But they couldn’t get away with the same crimes as in the European mainland. They had to change the game plan.

In order to increase the slave labor load, they transported kidnapped African slaves into the coerced work pool. The Africans looked different, they did not speak the colonial language, and they came from radically different cultures from another continent across the Atlantic. The wealthy planters always had fears of a united revolution representing Euro-slaves working together with the African slaves. The Euro-elites wanted to avoid this, so they transformed the African into the permanent chattel slave and the internal social enemy of the colonial system. The English elites used this exact method in the Virginia plantation colony during the 1660s-1670s, around the same time of Bacon’s small-farmer Rebellion. Unfortunately, the rulers’ devious plans worked.

The colonial elites had given the lower class European settlers a new cultural identity: whiteness, or white skin privileges. So, the European looking types, whether a wealthy slave planter living in a palace, or a drunken scoundrel with no shoes, home or horse, entered the same social grouping: the whites – versus the internal enemy of the colony – the blacks. Identity defines both what a person is, and what a person is not. This was the second sinister method: the false science of racialism, which still works marvelously – to this very day.

Before the colonial project with its racialism ideology, Europeans had two concepts of race: domestic animal husbandry or breeding, such as races of pigs, cows, dogs and horses, and race in relation to religious heterodoxy and body fluids.

The Spanish Empire had developed this strange concept of race connected to religion. The Spanish royal throne had to cleanse ‘their nation’ of the large populations of Jewish and Moorish, or Muslim, races in the late fifteenth-century, the 1490s. The Spanish elites linked race mixing and religious contact with human fluids, such as spit, flem, mucus, blood, sweat, tears, sexual and fecal excretions, and breast-feeding milk. Those cretinous elites had thought that any physical contact with another religious person’s bodily fluids signified permanent contamination, or damnation. On the mainland, they made the Jews and Muslims live in separate urban quarters, called ‘ghettos’ in Italian.

When the Spanish settled in the Americas, they used the same methods in their newer colonial cities. There were quarters for Spanish whites, and other quarters for indigenous natives ruled by indigenous elites with noble status, and there were also quarters for ‘racial castes,’ or ‘castas,’ which included the lowly, Latinized Africans. Each racial quarter had its own fountains, plazas, local governments, economic guilds, religious brotherhoods and churches. Yet with all this separation, most urban quarters in the Americas had a diverse array of ‘racial characteristics.’ New racial mixing terminologies entered the colonial lexicon, such as ‘mulatos, moriscos, zambos, mestizos, castizos, coyotes and lobos.’

From this cruel division of humanity into religious-racial-skin phenotypes, came the maggot science of racial caste and racial oppression. All of the colonial powers, the English, the French, the Portuguese and the Dutch, copied the Hispano concoction from such vile institutionalized injustice.

Without the work of the colonial-settler masters, the modern concept of race would not have existed. The blueprints for Fascism did not emerge from the desk of the Italian dicator Mussolini during the 1920s. The original drafts and plans of Fascism had built their durable foundations on the lying corpses of millions of natives and Africans. All of this genocide began in the colonized ‘Americas,’ and it has lasted from the 1490s to our present day.

Murdering the racial other is still accepted across the globe. White skin privilege still has its peculiar rewards. The same murderous elites continue to rule unimpeded in their crimes.

Until all those in resistance acknowledge this evil legacy from such a horrifying history, the political-economic elites of Europe and the former European colonies will continue to steal, rape and murder without any hesitation. The list includes North America, the Zio-Nazi Crusader State, or officially called the State of Israel, Latin America, and most of the nations of Africa, Asia and Oceania. Practically every nation of the Earth has suffered from the scars, hate and killing, all done in the name of European colonialism.

Modern colonialism has exterminated cultures and created ingenious methods of control through bogus racial hierarchies; while it has renamed lands and degraded local languages, and still continues to destroy natural ecosystems and recreate phony borders between nations. According to the neo-colonial slave masters in the Amerikan Empire and Europe, Fascism died out in the 1940s. Once again again they stand with the father of lies. Fascism has only transcended from its original colonial American setting.

The continents that first witnessed the Great American Genocide now host its most powerful, bastard fortunate son, the neo-colonial empire of sociopaths located in Washington D.C.